In South America, Native Americans had rebelled against Spanish rule as early as the 1700s. These rebellions had limited results, however it was not until 1800s that discontent among the Creoles sparked a widespread drive for independence. Educated Creoles like Simo¢n Bolivar applauded the French and American Revolutions. He dreamed of winning independence for his country. When Napoleon occupied Spain, Simo¢n returned to his South America and led an uprising that established a republic in his native Venezuela.
Although there were changes like these occurring in Europe that affected the Peruvians, liberators such as General Jose de Sa... ... middle of paper ... ... who had retreated farther into … Ayacucho and returning himself to the coast to retake Lima.” During the first few days of December Bolivar achieved his goal to regain control of Lima. On December 9, he captured the entire royalist army ending the Spanish control over Peru. Evidently, Peru could not have achieved independence from Spain if it was not for their beliefs and concepts but more significantly for its leaders. Works Cited Hunefeldt, Christine. A Brief History of Peru.
The consequences were much more complicated and long-term compared to the causes of independence. After gaining independence, Latin American countries had difficulty in how to govern the newly instated states. In the chaos, people took advantage of this and instated themselves as dictators. They had simply took the position from the Spanish that they tried to vanquish (class notes). The power structure remained and the people who fought for independence were largely ignored and continuously oppressed.
But the earliest revolt was led by Martin Cortes, an illegitimate son of Hernan Cortes. From this point many of the plots of revolt goal is to end the Spanish rule which was based from Criollos or Mexican born Spaniards. These plots had been mainly approaching those who are Mestizos that were deprived of the most basic political and civil rights, to help them with their cause to end Spanish rule. The Revolution for the Mexican Independence began when Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla freed the prisoners in the town of Dolores and called the people to rebel by ringing the church bells on Sept 16, 1810. But sadly his influence was over when he was tricked and caught by the Spanish authority which ended up in an execution on July 30, 1811.
The Haitian revolution was due to the French ruling by threats and violence. For example, if slaves in Haiti ran away, their limbs could be cut off. In contrast, the Gran Colombian revolution was caused by Napoleon invading Spain, which led to feelings of independence in Latin America. Revolutionary ideas spread in both the Spanish and French
Both conversion of the Native Americans and Native Americans being pressed in to slavery were practiced in the Spanish colonies extending into the areas that will one day be called, New Mexico, Texas, Arizona, and California. The most dominant nation in these regions were the Pueblo Indians. In order to control the Pueblos, the Spanish made the once free people live in peasant communities, forts and missions so they could keep a close eye on them. Oppressing these proud people gave cause to resistance by the Pueblos. An influential Pueblo leader known as El Pope rose up to lead his people from oppression.
Latin American Independence Latin American Independence was the drive for independence from Spain and France by the Latin American people. There were many contributing factors that ultimately led to the uprising of Latin American colonies. Europe's strong hold on the economic and political life of Latin America, was creating friction between the Latin Colonies and the European nations. Eventually, this would become enough for the Latin American people and the drive for independence from France and Spain would begin. There were a few main points that led up to the Latin American independence movement.
Inspired by the ideas of the Enlightenment and the wars for independence in other parts of the globe, Latin American gained momentum to began their own revolution. America was a mixing of many different races and each caste held specific rights and limitations. Natural born Spanish had access to the advantages and held the majority of power. The wealthy Creoles were able to ascend to positions of authority, but were always a step down the social ladder from the natural Spanish. Social inequality in America caused tension among the native population.
After gaining independence from Spain and Portugal in the 1820s, Latin American colonies had a lot ahead of them. They had to establish their own governments and economies in the midst of recovering from wars. Founding these was going to be difficult as they had been under colonial rule for a long time and there was a lot of unrest in the colonies. Although it would have been difficult there was great potential for a strong economy and democracy. This potential stemmed from a few things.
Throughout the 1800s, there were a lot of unsuccessful rebellions. In addition of the pathetically small slave revolts, other people were also conspiring to free the country from Spanish rule. The Cubans started to realize that Spain was controlling the country and all the profit from the sugar and tobacco exports went to Spain. The Cubans unsuccessfully rebelled against the Spaniards beginning in 1819. The other countries of Latin America had already freed themselves from Spanish rule.