An integral portion of Napoleons policies and personal success rely heavily on the incorporation of meritocratic rule. No doubt his belief in earned positions and status come as a consequence of his own career and interactions with the French military system. Without these policies ... ... middle of paper ... ...ed success through governmental reform, Napoleons rule also included the use of propaganda, censorship, and opposition repression. Napoleons final tier of success was his time as emperor. During this time Napoleons priorities seem to shift from the organization and creation of his empire to the preservation of it.
But, even though how great this person was, something about how he governed France still floats among people's minds. Did he abuse his power? Did Napoleon defeat the purpose of the ideals of the French Revolution? After all of his success in his military campaigns, did he gratify the people's needs regarding their ideals on the French Revolution? This is one of the many controversies that we have to deal with when studying Napoleon and the French Revolution.
The prominent politicians of the day had many different opinions. George Washington focused on the importance of remaining neutral during the end of his second term. John Adams inherited the problem when he was inaugurated. However, his views clashed with those of his vice president Thomas Jefferson who favored affiliation with the French. Adams also disagreed with Alexander Hamilton a leader in the Federalist Party with which Adams was supposed to be affiliated.
Once Napoleon had taken power in 1802, there was a large amount of speculation over how he would save France from all of their troubles. With various domestic and foreign problems, the people looked to Napoleon reform France back into the dominant power that it was before. There has been plenty of debate over if Napoleon’s implemented laws and ideas while he was the authoritative power depicted him as being a friend or a foe of the Revolution. The question being asked is did his policies on the social structure of society and his desire to restore an absolute ruler, cause him to be perceived as a friend or a foe of the values of the Revolution. This paper will consist of analysis of those two policies which were made in the time of Napoleon’s first ruling of France from his return to Egypt until his exile to Elba.
Although he awarded many rights, he challenged them with other restrictions. Overall, France was stable following the horrid Reign of Terror but it also awarded more rights than in the old regime. Finally, the social aspect of France could prove Bonaparte to be either heroic or tyrannical as well. Many social changes transgressed during his reign. For instance, there was an increase in education and an end to feudalism, however Napoleon ruled the imperial catechism and was emperor for life.
“Believing as he did that what was good for Napoleon was good for France, and in turn good for conquered Europe as a whole, his wider Imperial vision became a natural extension of his personal dynastic ambition” (Napoleon Profiles in Power p.81). Because Napoleon thought that he was doing what was best for every single person, he ended up crippling his own empire while pursuing his own aspirations. The foreign policies of Napoleon Bonaparte were one of the key factors that steered Napoleon to his fall. Some of his faulty foreign policies included creation of the German Confederation of the Rhine, terrible business deals in the American colonies, the Continental System, and placing his family members in positions of power. These policies severed France’s relationship with the other European states.
In 1814, the coalition invaded France. Napoleon tried to take advantage of the distance between the armies approaching Paris by picking them off one by one, but was eventually outnumbered. Napoleon gave up his rule and was exiled to the island of Elba, and giving small amounts of governmental power there. Louis XVII took the crown of France. Aware of the French peoples dissatisfaction with Louis XVII's rule, Napoleon returned to France in 1815.
In England however, many problems arose due to a series of short and incapable rulers, beginning with James I and ending with James II. During Louis XIV’s reign, he was able to create a strong and stable absolute state by controlling the French nobility. Previously, during Louis XIII reign, the nobility had a great deal of power, and the French government was not centralized. Instead, the nobles acted as the middlemen, regulating the taxes and military of the French regions. The peasants paid taxes directly to the nobles, who kept a certain portion for themselves and then paid the remainder to the King.
After the revolution, Napoleon installed another monarch based government and proceeded to annex Central Europe, North Africa, Russia and threatened Englan... ... middle of paper ... ...ower prior to any uprisings. France in-turn reciprocated the same support, philosophy and aggression towards its neighbors. But England, however, did not suffer the same fate because, given the countries unique location, it was not subjected to the same external pressures. Therefore it cultivated the thought of universal suffrage and liberalism in politics, trade and religion. But, if the conditions were favorable and an inferior country did not accept the liberal option, England would impose or manipulate that country into accepting its foreign policy.
This ambition led to a dictatorship, which they consider Napoleons ultimate betrayal. However other Historians such as Tombs and Furet see Napoleon’s regime as “the most convincing though temporary solution to the political and ideological problems bequeathed by the Revolution.” Napoleons dictatorship can also be considered a natural progression from the authoritarian nature of the French revolution. One idea is that is undebatable is - if Napoleon betrayed the French Revolution, this means that his actions, motives and policies were disloyal to the Revolutionary ideals of Liberty, equality and Fraternity. Napoleon was an outstanding military commander and enjoyed many successful campaigns. Napoleon maintained the Revolutionary syst... ... middle of paper ... ...ad amassed.