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In Vitro Fertilization and Infertitlity

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In Vitro Fertilization and Infertility “In Vitro Fertilization or artificial fertilization is the fertilization of an ovum by sperm outside the body when normal conception is not achievement because of a woman’s low fertility” (http://www.medterhttp://history1900s.about.com/od/medicaladvancesissues/a/testtubebaby.htmms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=7298). In virto is a Latin word that means, in the glass. This is very meaningful because, the laboratory dish used to create the offspring is glass. In Virto Fertilization and Infertility are going to be discussed throughout this paper. The process for in vitro fertilization involves stimulating multiple follicles and eggs to develop over time. There are 5 steps in this process stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilizing the eggs in the laboratory, culturing the embryo, and embryo transfer to the uterus (A.D.A.M Board, 2012). In the stimulation process both partners perform screening test. Before injection, the female should have a testing of “ovarian reserve”. The medication is given to help ripen the eggs to start a process called ovulation. The injections that women receive in her hormones help her produce many eggs. The male can also take medications to produce more sperm. The number of eggs received correlates with IVF success rates. In the egg retrieval process females receive blood and ultrasound testing is completed every 1-3 days to check the development of the follicles in the ovaries. In this process the women has minor surgery. This surgery is called follicular aspiration. Follicular aspiration occurs to remove the eggs from the women’s body. The doctor inserts a small needle through the vagina. The needle goes to the ovary or the sac. The ovary holds the eggs. A sucti... ... middle of paper ... ...nce the fetus is born she gives the baby to the couple. Many couples that cannot afford many of the treatments or procedures look to adopt a child. Works Cited 1. Rosenberg, Jennifer. "First Test-Tube Baby - Louise Brown." . About.com, Web. 18 May 2014. <. http://history1900s.about.com/od/medicaladvancesissues/a/testtubebaby.htm>. 2. "Pros and Cons of In vitro Fertilization: costs, success rate, multiple births, egg storage." Mama's Health.com, Web. 18 May 2014. . 3. "IVF Side Effects." IVF Side Effects. Web. 18 May 2014. . 4. Board, A.D.A.M. "In Virto Fertilization (IVF)." In vitro fertilization (IVF). U.S. National Library of Medicine, 26 Feb. 2012. Web. 18 May 2014. . (A.D.A.M Board, 2012)
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