Although it was partly her fault, she was being responsible for her actions and practicing safe sex. Finally, there is the circumstance under which tests prove that if the baby is born, it will be deformed or handicapped. Such a child will suffer for the rest of their life, however short it may be. Though the parents may choose to keep the child, if it will suffer physically, they might want to stop its suffering before it even starts. Plus, not as many people misuse the practice as we may think.
Genetic engineering allows infertile women with genetic defects in their mitochondria to have children. How are they made? The procedure known as Oplasmic transfer, is used to inject the mitochondria from the donor's egg into the egg of the infertile woman, in which vitro fertilization is performed on the egg. Healthy eggs from a second mother are used and the first mother then contributes the 23 chromosomes, which contain the majority of the child's genetic information. While the second mother contributes the mitochondrial genome; the child produced this way has genetic information from two mothers (the donor and the regular mother) and the one donor father.
Scientist has discovered by a mother giving her blood sample and the father giving a spit sample, an entire genome of their fetus can be born. Clinical test capitalize on this DNA to discern the baby’s sex and determine whether mother and child have incompatible Rh blood groups, which can lead to fatal complications. Every gene and every chromosome known about a baby’s genetic make-up, while still in the u... ... middle of paper ... ... to go through the DNA make-up child. When choosing prenatal DNA sequencing there are many positives that come along with it, such as being able to lessen the amount of genetic diseases within in the child. Although there can be many positives, there are many negatives that fall along with prenatal DNA sequencing, such as whether its right for the parent to alter their child’s genes.
All of these conditions can, if the mother delivers the soon to be baby, lead to the mother's death. Also, another justification many women have is carrying an unwanted fetus, which was a result of rape. An additional example of abortion justification involves the quality of life for the future child. If a woman is single or cannot pay to support a child properly, then she should not be forced to have one. In these instances abortion, before twenty weeks, is a smart alternative.
Also with the information of the expectant mother’s age and the use of maternal screening, two thirds of Downs Syndrome infants can be identified whilst still in the womb. Research into the origins of Downs Syndrome has been carried out worldwide all with one common question in mind; is the condition genetic, thus making it hereditary? However, research that has been carried out has found, that children born with this condition have the same genetic makeup as a child born without the condition. However, there is one difference and that is a child born with Downs Syndrome, will have an extra chromosome. By having just one chromosome extra is enough to tip the finely tuned balance of the human body and will in turn produce physical and intellectual characteristics that are found in Downs Syndrome.
Critics argue that availability of choosing embryos with desired DNA violates the law of nature and, over time, can have an impact on disabled people, women, and family dynamics. However, the beneficial opportunities of preselecting embryos embody a powerful tool in avoiding serious genetic diseases, saving a sick sibling’s life, and choosing desired genetic traits for children. The traditional Catholic Church revolts against in vitro fertilization followed by genetic selection. Jeannie Hannemann, a family life minister and one of the founders of the Elizabeth Ministry, an international mentoring service for women during pregnancy, supports Catholics’ view o... ... middle of paper ... ... study, and these tests require a strong collaboration between physicians who identify disabilities, the government who regulates the use of a technology, and parents who desire good genes for their children. Works Cited Clarke, Kevin.
It is the conception of in vitro embryos that produces “individuals that are exact genetic copies of the donor from whom the DNA was obtained” (Munson 366). In Laymen’s terms, cells are inserted from the donor host into an unfertilized egg from another host (meaning it is asexual) and the new egg is transferred into the surrogate mother where it will foster into an embryo, if effective. There are some rewards and disadvantages to utilizing human reproductive cloning. One advantage would be giving a woman who was not able to find the right person to have a child with, the child she had wanted. In “Mothers by Choice” there are many professional women, who before, would have to settle with ”Mr.
Genetically engineered babies are created by using the mitochondrial DNA from two mothers. See, mitochondrial DNA is only passed on through the mother, and is most responsible for genetic diseases, so two mothers allows for the chance for the perfect child. And with technology it is becoming possible to isolate specific DNA to pick specific traits (Gates). It won’t be long before it is possible for parents to choose both physical, and mental traits of their child. But these possibilities have caused controversy from many scientists, doctors, parents, and religious groups.
Human Cloning: Science or Madness? Despite evidence that nearly all cloned animals are plagued by significant genetic abnormalities, two scientist groups have announced their plans to impregnate women with cloned embryos, each proposing to create the world's first cloned human being. Clones are created by injecting genetic material from a single cell of one person is into an egg cell that has had its genes removed. The cell is then stimulated to act like a fertilized egg and divide, becoming an embryo. Once the embryo reaches an appropriate stage it is then implanted into a woman's womb, and the resulting baby would be like an identical twin to the donor.
There are many ways a fetus or embryo can be affected, and the more known causes for problems, the more problems doctors and scientists can prevent. Prenatal Infection as a Risk Factor for Schizophrenia creates a roll model for future studies. The idea of only researching schizophrenia was not my intention, however it gives an example that fetuses are exposed to everything while still in the female uterus. The mother is able to pass on more than just her own chromosomes, all that she does and is exposed to while pregnant will affect the child. While the development of a fetus is complicated and it can be compromised easily, I, along with any other future mothers find this to be a topic of interest.