Baird, Forrest E. and Walter Kaufmann. “Anselm (and Gaunilo’s) Gaunilo and Anselm: Debate.” In Philosophical Classics: From Plato to Derrida (6th Edition). Alexandria, VA: Prentice Hall, 2010. 5. Calvin, John.
Justice for All Ages The question of “What is Justice?” plagued the ancient philosophers and continues to plague the professional and amateur academic philosophers of today. The question is so hard, because it is quite difficult to know where to begin. Socrates1 spoke of justice in relation to the gods, Plato in relation to an individual’s duty in society, and Achilles, in a somewhat indirect way, in relation to honor and loyalty. All three of these men had very convincing arguments about the true nature of justice, but it is impossible to say now, or most likely ever, whether any of them actually got it right. The current goal is to synthesize their ideas with those of Aristophanes, Euripides2, and even Richard Kraut, representing the modern academic philosopher, in an effort to further develop and test the concept of justice.
Jowett, Benjamin. “Introduction.” To the Republic. On-line at http://www.knuten.liu.se/~ bjoch509/works/plato/republic.txt. Accessed on December 28, 2000. Richards, I.
Coleman, J, 2000. A History of Political Thought From Ancient Greece to Early Christianity. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Inc. Cross, R.C. nd Woozley, A.D., 1964. Plato's Republic: A Philosophical Commentary.
New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996. Kraut, R 2014, ‘Aristotle's Ethics’, The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy (Summer Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed. ), .
P. 359 5 Ibid. P. 13 6 Hebert, Joe. Tutorial notes. March 21, 2000 7 Extrapolated from 25c from Wests, Thomas G and Grace Starr. Plato's Apology of Socrates.
February 29, 2004. http://www.rep.routledge.com/article/DB047 La Filosofia en el bachillerato. 2001-2011. http://www.webdianoia.com/moderna/kant/kant_bio.htm The Eauropean Graduate School. 1997–2010. http://www.egs.edu/library/immanuel-kant/biography/. Standford Encyclopedia of philosophy.
Socrates’ method can still be used today, but isn’t for many reasons. Both the scientific method and the Socratic elenchus are a series of questions or steps that are used to try to find an answer. Socrates was a man who claimed to know nothing and therefore left no pieces of writing behind. However Plato documented detailed accounts of Socrates using the Socratic elenchus in Meno and Euthyphro. Meno claimed to teach virtue and charged a fee for his teachings.