For variety of reasons ,tourism continues to be increasingly attractive alternative for improving the economics of small cities and towns ,people travel more today than ever before .along with an increase in the number of people moving from one place to another comes increased opportunities to serve the unique needs of the traveler. This provide opportunity for communities to serves these needs and capture a share of traveler spending.
Their ability to face the challenges was strongly affected by financial capital, communication skills and connections. Strong financial capital obtained from adequate finance management and large connections appeared to highly assist the sellers’ resilience in the midst of challenges. Whereas, sufficient communication skills enabled them to be hired as naturalist guides. The absence of these factors forced souvenir businessmen to put in extra effort to maintain their livelihood. Livelihood diversification was applied by operating tourism-related businesses other than the souvenir business. Optimisation of assets was the focal strategy that enabled them to diversify their livelihoods. By opening homestays they utilised their houses to facilitate income-generating activities (Beall & Kanji, 1999). Similarly, renting out small boats as a form of tour transport also provided these people with an alternative for earning more money. As this business targeted regular visitors, they reduced their dependency on cruise visits but remained fully dependent on
At the present time, one of the inseparable parts of the economic growth is considered as tourism industry. Commonly, tourism is the movement of people to other places for business or leisure purposes as well as covers their activities. Holloway and Humphreys defines that the places where tourists come and spend their money are called as “tourist destinations” in other words “receiving areas”. Many countries have been improving tourism to overcome economic difficulties since it is growing fast. The industry activities have been demonstrated a general positive trend in the economy and it has already become the inherent part of economic development. In host countries, tourism has led to such positive consequences as the improved infrastructure,
The tourism industry plays a major role in the economic development of many countries. The World Tourism Organization (2014) documents that tourism contributes 9% of the world GDP. This contribution is from the direct and indirect impacts of the sector. The tourism industry is the world largest employer with 9.1% of all available jobs being as a direct or indirect result of tourism; any job related to any activities accrued from tourists traffic such as transportations, accommodation, and services are considered as a part of the industry contributes employment. Europe is the most visited region in the world due to the numerous tourist attractions found in this region. This region attracts 43% of the total number of international tourists and it contributes US $458 billion every year. There are countries that rely almost entirely on the revenue obtained from tourism for their economy. The World Tourism Organization (2014) reports that Luxembourg, Bahamas, Bermu...
Zainal, Artinah, Salleh Mohd Radzi, Rahmat Hashim, Chemah Tamby Chik, Rozita Abu. Current Issues in Hospitality and Tourism: Research and Innovations. Leiden: CRC Press/Balkema, 2012. Web. . (Zainal et al )
The economy can be clearly identified as the most beneficial aspect of tourism. “According to recent statistics, tourism provides about 10% of the world’s income and employs almost one tenth of the world’s workforce” (Mirbabayev, 2007). In Australia alone, Tourism contributed $87.3 billion in 2012, and employed 908,434 (7.9%) people (Kookana & Duc Pham, 2013). Tourism is “one of the most profitable and rapidly developing industries in the world” (Popushoi, 2004). Every year the number of tourists increase dramatically and consequently the revenues from tourism will increase substantially.
By last 20 years the tourism and hospitality industry is booming, the world wide arrivals in different countries is increased by 613 million in 1997 to estimated 700 billion in 2003 with the projection of one billion by 2010 and 1.6 billion by 2020. The positive economy for the tourism was in 2003 as European countries have more tourists around the world, air travel for the both business and pleasure reached twice the rate of 1985 and growing strength of the US economy also demands for the tourism and hospitality at the meantime. (Tim Knowles, 2006)
Tourism plays a significant role in the economic and financial health of most economies (Goeldner and Ritchie, 2006; Hall, 2003; Mohd Hairi, Mohd Salehuddin, Muhammad Izzat and Zulhan, 2007). Most countries in Asia for example, trust more on tourism receipts than on income originated from the exports of agricultural products or manufactured goods. Thus, a lot of emphasis is placed on addressing the need to set up the right logistics and develop the right infrastructure to bring in number of passengers of tourists from the developed world to the exotic locations. Money is spent on advertising places of attraction, building airports, connecting roads to hotels and training tourist guides to speak various world’s important languages. Malaysia is
Tourism is the one of economic and social activities that increasingly vital. Number of travellers domestic and international is increasing. In fact, several countries in present world develop tourism sectors as primary sector which generate national income. According to Salah Wahab and Cooper (2003). Tourism is also sector which involves role that mutually link between government, private sector and also public.
Nowadays in the rea of globalization, according to the World Tourism Organization, “seven hundred million people travelled abroad in 2003”, and the number is estimated to increase to 1.6 billion by 2020. (International Labour Organization, 2005). Tourism is spreading in unusual places. A lot of people want to be in the midst of adventure. It is a vital source of revenues for the GDP of many countries. I partially agree that tourism hugely benefits the local community. This essay will discuss some of the economic, social and environment effect of tourism on the host community.