The therapist will respond to the clients perception of their reality at that moment. A good rapport between therapist and client is required for empathic attunement to occur and this is something that may develop over time (Ferraro). Trust will need to be built between the therapist and client so that the client can explore their feelings and concerns knowing they are in a safe enviroment. Fear and anxiety may cause the client to stop exploring along with misattunement and non attunement on the therapists part ( McCluskey, Hooper & Miller). Effective empathic attunement requires the therapist to focus on the clients process whilst being aware of their internal processes along with recognising the boundaries between the client and themselves ( Erskine,
Counselors can knowingly or unknowingly inflict values but doing so causes ethical dilemmas. If a counselor attempts to knowingly influence the attitudes, and beliefs of a client this is known as Value imposition. Counselors need to recognize these shortcomings and remain professional and or possibly refer clients to other professionals when necessary. If counselors are aware of their own personal values this will keep them focused and keep them from harming the client. Having conflicting values does not mean that a counselor can’t work with a client it just means they will must proceed with caution.
This type of question allows the client to bring to the conversation what is important to them. A social worker does not want to use open ended questions when it is irrelevant, a leading question or ask too many questions at once. Open ended questions are particularly useful for inviting or encouraging a client to elaborate and opening a session (Cummins, Sevel, Pedrick, p.93-95). I think open ended questions are one of the skills that I am most comfortable with. I just have to be careful not to use why questions too much in an interview because a client may not know why or it can make them feel blamed for something.
The term readiness is a brief intervention to help initiate change, continue it, accelerate it, and prevent the client from regressing to previous behavior. Types of intervention help to know when to intervene and give cues to when the client needs or desires an intervention. The role of good communication provided by the social worker can build on being able to hear how others gather and form their thoughts and feeling to give advice, provide information, and providing reassurance to simply support of the client. The recap of intervention is not an easy task it takes the social worker to study the problem, analyze the problem, and make the best judgment to help the client move from inappropriate behav... ... middle of paper ... ...nd provide intervention to the client. Cues from the client can be simply eye contact, voice change, and complete shutdown of the client.
Counselors that practice within a CBT framework put responsibility for change on the client, but the counselor actively supports the client in achieving their desired goals. As a future counselor, it is important to me that both the client and the counselor assume roles within the therapeutic relationship. I feel that self-defeating thoughts prevent individuals from living their lives the way they want. These thoughts prevent individuals from living an authentic, happy life. My practice as a counselor will consist of helping clients recognize their thoughts and work towards change.
In the counseling process, counselors recognize behaviors and attitudes of clients. Counselors also observe how clients function and how they view themselves. Adlerians try to view the world from their clients ' perspective, so they can learn more about the client and help them achieve their self-defined goals. Adlerian theory believes that though clients set personal goals which determine their different movements based on the different situation, what is consistent is the clients present attitudes and hope about the future. Although Alder did not believe that we are our past, he did believe that sometimes our past did affect us in certain ways.
Having an awareness of death and non-being gives an importance to living. • The relationship between counsellor and client is a collaborative one, the counsellor should be aware of their own world in order to help the client work out their meaning in life. They must respect and have belief in the client to discover other ways of being. • An existential counsellor can be confrontational, esp... ... middle of paper ... ...ling is that existential therapy is not technique focused, although sometimes they do take techniques from other approaches. This is different from CBT as it heavily relies on techniques and systems to help clients.
Gestalt therapy helps clients focus on the here-and-now experience and helps them recognize their awareness by using different techniques during therapy. The reason why I decided to focus on this theoretical orientation was because in contrast to other therapies, the client is deeply involved in the therapy; coming up with their conclusions and discovering their self-awareness in the process, which helps them recognize their self, instead of continuing to focus on their ideal self. With the client being aware of their emotion, thoughts, and their environment, they will be able have insight on what they can do to resolve their current problems and have a holistic view of life. The therapist’s goal is to facilitate the therapy, focusing on the clients verbal and nonverbal behaviors, assisting them to be more self-reliant, and helping them focus on the present. During therapy, there is a continuous dialogue between the client and the therapist, in which the therapist shows warmth and acceptance (Jones-Smith, 2012).
The main objective is to help the client obtain the help he or she needs. However, the social worker can reveal details of themselves as long as it is beneficial to the client. This process is known as self-disclosure (Kirst-Ashman & Hull, 2012). Self-disclosure is not beneficial if it will cause strife in the relationship between client and social worker. It is beneficial to be honest with the client.
Conclusion Vicarious traumatization is a major concern meant for counselors providing services to traumatized clients. Counselors’ cognizance of possible changes in their attitude about self, others, and the word may be a protective measure against VT. Awareness of personal reactions to VT also allows counselors to put into practice self-care mechanisms to improve such effects, thus minimizing ethical and interpersonal difficulties.