The Benefits and Disbenefits of Health Screening and the Contribution of Psychology in Health Screening. Health screening, according to Durojaiye, (2009), is a systematic application of a test or inquiry to identify individuals at risk of a specific health problem. This enables further investigation or direct preventive action, among individuals who have not sought medical attention on account of their symptoms of that problem. The main aim of screening program therefore is to detect disease or risk factors among the general population, in order to carry out preventive, or therapeutic intervention because the highest benefit one can derive from a specific treatment is when the disease is less advanced (Wardle & Pope, 1992). Screening is different to diagnosis as it is performed on people without symptoms; it does not provide a diagnosis but rather identifies individuals at increased risk for follow-up diagnostic testing (Trevena2009).
In that sense Parsons noticed that when a person is sick, they are unable to carry out their social responsibility normally. Therefore, Parsons implies that the only way to understand the illness and its effect to society are to look at illness in a different angle as the form of deviance, which undermines the, role of society thus; it should be a way to control the situation same as crime and other form of deviance. This led Parsons to assess the relationship between illness and social control. Haralambos (2000 pg294) Since Parsons emphasised new advances in dealing with illness; thus, he put forward the historical method in the sociology of health known as sick role, he has then shifted illness from biological concept to social theory. Haralambos (2000 pg294) Parsons derived model of sick from studies of Freud, Max Weber and The functionalist.
Sick people need to get proper treatment and recover from the illness and come back to the normal function of the society. As Sheaff (2005) prospective, this approach is concerned about public health and wellbeing to maintain sociological functions. In contrast to the Functionalism, bureaucracies in Weberianism were found very effective tool to eradicate the fraudulence, mismanagement, and inefficiency (Germov, 2014). McFalls, (2007) suggests Weberianism bureaucracy approach has established layers of management, from the top level managerial role to supervisor, health professional and junior level staff. The chain of command deals with effective and consistent delivery of health services.
Talcott Parsons was a sociologist that looked at mental illness in society and developed the idea of the “sick role” in 1951. The sick role is the expectations that define the norms and values for those that are considered sick and for those who interact with the sick. Parsons believed that people who were mentally ill were not constructive contributors to society and broke the structure of it. He inquired that the sick role has a few primary characteristics that define it. Individuals who are considered mentally ill are not responsible for their condition and should not continue in their daily roles like work... ... middle of paper ... ...d for so long (Kendall 2014).
It is because of different social contracts that lead the philosophers to come to different understandings of the illnesses, despite having the same prehistoric origin. For Freud the contract is a necessary part of the world and he sees neurotics as the isolated individuals who are unable to cope while Nietzsche sees the contract as a lie which damages every member of society with its bad conscience. Freud presents an interpretation of how individuals fall ill. He states that individuals succumb to the flight to illness when they are unable to satisfy their libidinal desires for pleasure. These desires come from our untamed animal past in which we were able to do whatever we wanted.
A population which understands that there is not a one model approach to health will be better off, because health is really a combination of both the Biomedical Model and Social Model. An integrated approach focusing on the benefits of the models, the medical knowledge and care needed to treat and cure disease and illness and the importance of understanding that people live in an environment governed by social factors, which greatly affect their health. Therefore focusing on reducing the negative outcomes of the social factors will help to improve the health of a population in the long term.
Furthermore, Mizock, Russinova, and Millner cite Shad et al. when stating that, “like acceptance, awareness of symptoms has been identified as an important contributor to symptom management” (98). However, if one is ashamed to admit their illness, they may also ignore their symptoms. As a result of this self-stigma, patients are unable to fully accept themselves and therefore unable to recover. Note that self-stigma was the result of public stigma to begin with, meaning that the general public’s misguided ideas about mental illness are harming those trying to recover, regardless of the public’s direct or indirect actions.
It focuses on health status of group of population rather... ... middle of paper ... ...ng a person raises questions about their self-esteem and self-efficacy which impacts on societal stigma as well as self-stigma. People diagnosed with mental illness are ashamed of their illness so they do not openly talk about it or seek help. Labelling a mentally ill person can lead them to get proper treatment or may lead them to never get any help. Stress approach http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mental-illness/basics/causes/con-20033813 medications to control symptoms, eventually they need support and prevent triggering, DSM Events in a persons life, such as death of a loved one, starting a new job, college, unemployment, and even marriage can impact the disorders Physical conditions such as brain injury or HIV/AIDS that can result in symptoms of mental illness If parent have MI, STRESS on children
The 21st century health system has been marked by rapid developments in medical technology, availability of treatments, and advancements in the field of medicine. These changes have tremendously contributed to better prevention, management, and control of chronic illnesses like heart disease, asthma, diabetes and arthritis. However, the reality of chronic illness is intertwined with continued dwindle in quality of life, of dependency, of medication and limits. In this condition of diminishing health, the patient starkly experiences the dichotomy between the mind and the body. As P1 shares, “My mind is ok, but my body is simply weak.
The first few topics were lighthearted, more on procedural terms such as the demographics of care in the United States and India and the evolution of care. This heightens to themes that are close to one’s heart as he uncovers the relationship amongst medicine, patient, and the family. It also deliberates on the concerns after medicine becomes impotent and society is ill-equipped for the aging population, which highlight the decisions and conversations one should or might have pertaining to death. He makes