The one thing on which Locke lays great emphasis throughout the Treatise is that the chief end or purpose for which the state or commonwealth is formed is making secure to the citizens the natural right to life, liberty and property which they had in the state of nature. In this state of nature, according to Locke, men were born free and equal: free to do what they wished without being required to seek permission from any other man, and equal in the sense of there being no natural political authority of one man over another. He quickly points out, however, that "although it is a state of liberty, it is not a state of license," because it is ruled over by the law of nature which everyone is obliged to obey. While Locke is not very specific about the content of the law of nature, he is clear on a few specifics. First, that "reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind who will but consult it" and second, that it teaches primarily that "being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life liberty or possessions."
The definition of human rights is: “The basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled, often held to include the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and expression, and equality before the law.” http://www.thefreedictionary.com/human+rights Human rights means being able to work where you’re qualified to work without your skin colour, race or religion being the reason you can’t; it means having the right to be human, that’s why it’s so important. “Human rights are concerned with equality and fairness. They recognise our freedom to make choices about our life and develop our potential as human beings. They are about living a life free from fear, Harassment or discrimination. There are a number of basic rights that people from around the world have agreed on, such as the right to life, freedom from torture and other cruel and inhuman treatment, rights to a fair trial, free Speech and freedom of religion, rights to health, education and an adequate standard of living.
Amanda Joy PHI 100 Robert King Prelim #2 1) In this statement, “Any just society must ensure that whatever the property ownership arrangement in that society, they enable all people to meet their needs,” both the libertarianism and utilitarianism reject this egalitarian criterion of a just society. The libertarians would reject this claim due to the fact that they feel that a just society needs to protect the liberty and freedom of each individual to pursue his or her end desires. The Libertarian view requires them to be free to choose their own ends and free to pursue them without interference from others. Libertarians feel strongly that each person should have the same freedom to pursue his chosen ends and that each person is obligated to hold back from interfering with others in their freedom to pursue their ends. This is necessary to protect each individual's freedom.
Each person has the same conditions, which is why no one has any interest in becoming a burden to others because if someone gives up their rights while you give up your own, you are all equal and expected to follow the same rules. If you are all following the same conditions, in essence you are gaining everything you are losing because you are gaining increase force of preservation because everyone has to be safe to live. This is why giving up rights is important because it allows for laws to be made which gives a person the protection they crave. As Rousseau said “Each of us puts his person and all his power in common under the supreme direction of the general will, and, in our corporate capacity, we receive each member as an indivisible part of the whole”, meaning that the ge... ... middle of paper ... ...o their neighbor, they gain equal rights because that person in return gives up those rights in order to preserve himself and the state. However, one is not forced to give up their rights, one chooses to do so by residing within the sovereign state’s territory and also by partaking in voting.
Final #2 Human rights are commonly expressed as being the rights in which are inherent being human. The concept of human rights is based on the belief that every human being is entitled to enjoy her/his rights without discrimination. Human rights differ from other rights in two respects. To begin with Human rights which are essential to human beings and makind as a whole and also implies the precondition for human development. They can, and have an influence and can harbor on relations both between individuals and the state as well as individuals and a counrty, and between the individuals and themselves.
However mere staying in the group does not entitle each member his or her right to self-ownership, a premise through which every individual can claim to be equal to other. Their living in groups – being a part of community – with equality necessitates a framework for certain basic rights. These basic rights, known as human rights, are those that individuals are born with. The right to live as one please comes from right to life. The right to life can only be derived when one has full ownership on him or her.
This includes the right to be seen as a person before the law and be protected by the law, the right of freedom of speech and religion and the right to education. While these rights are not essential to life like the first group, they are needed for any person to feel safe in their country and have the option to freely live their life as they choose without discrimination. The third and last group include rights relating to comfort. Examples of this from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are the right to marry without any restrictions due to race, nationality or religion, the right to own property, and the right to equal pay for equal work. (UDHR Article 23) These human rights are important in a functioning state and society to have equality between all people and have the opportunity to be able to live happily.
All imperatives can command either hypothetically o... ... middle of paper ... ...g as we do not attempt to deprive others of theirs, or impede their efforts to obtain it”(19). Kant’s requirement that the law of behavior you set for yourself be universal implies that you act toward others in the way that you would want them to act toward you. The same idea is plain in Mill’s definition, every person is free when it comes to their own actions and so must abstain from impeding another persons with your behaviors. Both Kant and Mill seem to mandate that in your actions as a free individual we do not harm others. This ethical thread that runs through both these theories bears hints of the golden rule that one should treat others, as he himself would want to be treated.
Utilitarianism and the Right to Life for the Innocent Human rights are perceived to be universal and inalienable. Some people believe that human rights are absolute. The right to life is a basic human right, and it should not be arbitrarily deprived of anyone. The right to life extends to the security and liberty of life and not to be deprived of it except in accordance with principles of fundamental justice. These attributes are aimed at protecting all human beings at all times.
Human freedom is the essence of the human nature. Every action of human being is characterized with freedom in some way. People think, people do, people create and according to the free human being freedom must be obvious in each of all these activities. However, in order to keep people under the control, government prefer