The English language is known as a borrowing language, which means that the words are borrowed from many other languages such as Latin, Greek and French without translating The English language is divided into three main periods; Old English, Middle English and Modern English. Old English was spoken during 450-1100 AD when the Germanic tribes formed a language that was mixed with different dialects of the Germanic tribes. The word English is driven from the old English word “Englisc” which came from the word Angle. The Angles are named after their homeland; Engle. During this time, they are numerous additions to the language
As it reached new parts of the globe, new influences helped shape and change the language to reflect the lives and experiences of new speakers. The English language encompasses many different backgrounds, dialects, accents, and variations and would not be the dynamic language it is without every alteration it has had over the last fifteen hundred years.
English, like all other languages, is subject to constant growth and decay (1). Many of the political and social events that have so profoundly affected the English people in their life have generally had an impact on their language (1). The evolution and developmental changes of Anglo-Saxon Language and Modern English have been characterized by three basic periods: Old English, Middle English, and Modern English. Old English was spoken and written in England during the early part of the Middle Ages, from about 600-1100 (2). The language’s earliest stage of development was known as Old English (OE) (3).
The English language as many other languages in the World has been evolving through time, and it passed through many stages including its nearly extinction. So where and when did this story begin? 2000 years ago in what now would be the United Kingdom, the language was incomprehensible. The Anglo-Saxon, wich is known also as Old English, was a language that sounded like the modern Frisian language. This language arrived when Germanic tribes invaded Britain and subjugated the native Celts.
Phonology In addition to introducing new words into the English language, the Normans also introduced some new sounds. The English had previously had no phonemic distinction between /f/ and /v/; /v/ was merely an allophone of /f/ that occurred between vowels. Howeve... ... middle of paper ... ...eculate what the English language might look like today if the Normans had never invaded Britain. However, suffice it to say, the present English language has been extensively enriched by the quantity of this foreign influence. Bibliography: Alexander, James W. William I, King of England, Grolier's Multimedia Encyclopedia, 1996.
The Political, social and cultural impacts on the English language during its Old English phase. The development of the English language was a combination of cultural, political, social and religious events that each playing their own part shaping the modern English language spoken today as a first language by 400 million people . As Baugh and Cable convey to us in A History of the English Language; ‘It understates matters to say that political, economic, and social forces influence a language’. Although it cannot be identified exactly when the inhabitants of Britain began to speak English, there are some sources that give an insight into the nature of the forces that played a role in its foundation such as: the four medieval manuscripts;
Large-scale shifts often occur because of social, economic and political pressures or reasons. Even without having these kinds of influences, a language can change effectively if required number of users changes the way they speak it. Also needs of speakers drive language change. New technologies, industries, products and experiences requires new words sometimes. History records proves of language change accelerated by invasions, colonization and migration.
However, as changes accumulate over time, the old and new language will extremely vary. For instance, symple, an old English word, is changed to simple. Also, speche is changed into speech. Language change is classified into typologies, like semantic change, sound change, lexical change, spelling change, syntactic change and other changes that play a role in the change of language overtime. Semantic change, also called semantic drift, progression, or shift, is the change of word usage, usually to the point that the new meaning is completely different from that of the old meaning.
“World Englishes, English as a Lingua Franca, and English Pedagogy”, Journal of NELTA 13 (2), pp. 121-130. Available from 6/World_Englishes_English_as_a_Lingua_Franca_and_English_Pedagogy> [accessed 10 November 2013]