Reading is a complex task which incorporates several elements for teachers to effectively teach students to read. Reading is the process of constructing meaning from text and using the student’s prior knowledge and experience to make sense of the context. A balanced approach to reading is the most effective way to teach students to read as it gives student’s the correct learning opportunities to become engaged and passionate readers. A balanced approach to reading involves the effective use of both phonics and whole language. The elements of the two are combined into a program aimed at educating students to be proficient and lifelong readers.
(Department of Education, Science, and Training, 2005). Effective reading instruction occurs when a child successfully learns to read fluently, confidently, with full comprehension of meaning and context. A teacher should understand the developmental aspects of how a child learns to read, but also how to engage a modern day child with rich, authentic texts that motivates them and connects to their social backgrounds. An educator should incorporate curriculum and also be open to choose, adapt, and structure approaches using techniques that best fit their teaching styles and situations. Approaching literacy with a balanced approach of both meaning and skill orientated methods, supports a child’s phonological awareness development and comprehension skills, and supports the elements that surround these components.
One of them is what teachers teach students to read for understanding and how they go about it. There is a collection of literacy and language interventions known as the Comprehension Tools for Teachers (CTT) that can be used by teachers to assist students to learn better. CTT is made up of several components, one called the Morphological Awareness Training (MAT). It is about the ability to acknowledge and manipulate the tiniest units of language meaning such as affixes and base words. Morphological awareness skills are linked to students’ ability to read, spell and comprehend words, even when other linguistic awareness skills are also put into consideration.
This is useful, and helpful when teaching kids. It allows for repetition and practice of reading and writing. However, in some cases especially students who are below average in their reading skills some strategies need to be provided and mastered before comprehension can occur. Students need to have prior background knowledge about phonics, and word usage. The whole idea is to build both top-down model strategies, and bottom-up skills and word identification at the same time.
Activities for prosody could be for students to read orally and to have students think-aloud as they read. Teachers can also model for students to show expression, phrasing, volume, smoothness, and pace (Rasinki, T. V., & Padak, N. D., 2008). Fluency is important because it allows readers to identify words automatically while utilizing word-identification strategies to decode the unfamiliar words. This allows the reader to spend less time identifying words and more time reading and comprehending the text.
Understanding how language is used (instrumental, regulatory, interactional, personal, heuristic, imaginative, representational, divertive, authoritative and perpetuating. Forms of Language: Forms of language refers to the vocabulary, verb tense, parts of speech and the sentence structure of language. Research reports that teachers must understand and use these tools with the students because they influence the development of the student’s language. Language Fluency: Language fluency refers to the fluency in wide variety of ways that language can be used. Young learners or older students with language deficits need direct instruction in the differences between conversational and academic language and the differences in telling a story to explaining the steps to a
Phonics is an important part of the school’s curriculum. Converting letters to recognizable print can be taught through phonics instruction and can lead to students comprehending the meaning of text. Phonics is an approach in which children are taught to decode words by using and applying their knowledge of the relationship between letters and individual sounds to read. In planning phonics instruction you will have to decide among several forms of phonics instruction. All the approaches include instruction in letter-sound relationships but vary in the explicitness of the instruction and how organized the process is in determining the sequence of instruction.
Language Learning /Teaching Leaning language and becoming a language teacher can be a daunting task because it requires one to dedicate more time to read intensively. Both learners and language teachers should have adequate information to enable them to communicate fluently. This essay discusses, describes, and reflects on ways I will continue developing my language learning, develop my language and my teaching skills when I become a language educator. How to Develop my Own Language Learning Developing language learning requires one to be disciplined to be able to learn and attain competency. Therefore, the most important tools for language learning are writing implements such as pen and a notebook.
Introduction Reading and writing are most essential developmental skills in our lives and it is important that us as teachers play a significant role in teaching learners how to read and write properly. Reading and writing correlate with each other and research has found that when learners read extensively they become better writers. Reading different types of genres helps children to learn text structures and language that they can then transfer to their own writing and it also provides learners with prior knowledge they can use when writing. . There are certain stages that can improve learner’s reading and writing that needs to be followed regularly.
The first, the benefit is to help the students learn and remember vocabulary and grammar structure consistently. The second, reading helps the students become familiar with the rhythm of English. It will help students to feel usual and will know incorrect sentence or phrase. The third, reading can improve other language skills, such as: writing skill. The fourth is reading help the students in writing course.