Napoleon wanted to fight the Russians in one big battle but the Russians, seeing that they were vastly outnumbered, withdrew and went back to Russia to build a better army. As they went back to Russia the instituted a ?scorched earth policy?, meaning, that they burned everythi... ... middle of paper ... ... has been shown in 1792, there were many different individuals and groups which hoped to be strengthened by war. Napoleon had crushed opposition at home by his victories abroad. French foreign policy had become a reflection of the uncertainties of French government, France and the French people had acquired the reputation of being restless and dangerous as they involved the rest of Europe in their quest for a regime that would prove to be permanent and satisfactory. France had always been living dangerously.
Nicholas II, in a letter to his wife Alexandra, admitted the obstacles that the Russian Army faced, "Again that cursed question of shortage of artillery and rifle ammunition - it stands in the way of an energetic advance." Czar Nicholas tried to deny the fact that his Army was in no condition to continue the fight. Lenin and the Bolsheviks used this information to gain the support of the Russian people who had grown to resent Russian involvement in the war. With the constant failures the Russian military faced the Bolsheviks took this opportunity to take action. On 25 October 1917 the Lenin-led Bolsheviks seized control of the Russian government.
Lenin believed that a government should really represent the people of Russia, therefore he aimed to overthrow the Russian government because it was said to be the cause of misery in Russia. After being put in exile for sedition, Lenin returns to Russia after news of the February Revolution. The revolution was created from built up tension and Russia being under repression and unrest for a long period time. As a result the Tsar abdicated from the Russian Empire and the making of a Provisional Government. This made Lenin's plan to overthrow the government much simpler.
In the Russian Revolution the stages are hidden in February and October Revolutions and the their Civil War. Well you can start off with Russia in 1915 before all the revolutions. Nicholas II, a very incompetent leader, and not the smartest one either during a time of bad economic crisis. So that didn’t help the government at all, not to mention they were fighting in WWI with half of the skilled workers fighting. While fighting in WWI, Nicholas thought that the troops would fight harder if he were leading them.
Oppression is at the root of all of the problems people faced in those events and books. In World War I, the Russians revolted against their czar and created a communist country. Czar Nicholas II caused some of the most disastrous and bloody wars Russia had ever seen, so the people wanted him out. I learned that they had success because revolutionaries sought after a common goal, the communist manifesto. Although the new communist reign seemed good for a while, eventually certain members of society edged their way to the top of the pyramid, negating the communist manifesto.
'To the Emperor of all the Russia 's belongs supreme autocratic power ' The Tsar made it clear, in his words, that he would not allow the Duma, any real power. Duma or no Duma, Russia was still an autocracy. This went against the promises the Tsar originally made in the October Manifesto and trust in minds of people in Russia had broken. The way in which the Tsar and his advisers viewed the political reforms can be seen in the words of chief minister Sergei Witte who said, "I have a constitution in my head, but in my heart, I spit on it." In 1906, he appointed a new, tough Prime Minister named Peter Stolypin.
He flatly declared to both major political parties of the time (the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks) that the proletariat was the driving force of the revolution and that its only reliable ally was the peasantry. He branded the bourgeoisie as hopelessly counterrevolutionary and too cowardly to make their own revolution. However, after the defeat of the Revolution of 1905, Lenin was forced into exile from 1907 to 1917. He found serious challenges to his policies not only from the Menshevik party (formed by the dissatisfied minority of the intelligentsia) but within his own faction as well. The combination of repression and modest reform effected by the tsarist regime led to a decline of party membership (Merringer 79).
In 1903, the Social Democrats split into the Bolsheviks, The Majority, ... ... middle of paper ... ...to revolt had been unorganised and missed their opportunity windows to launch successful revolts, as well as the fact that the parties did not combine early on to combat Tsarist Russia. A crucial factor of the Tsars survival was the fact that Nicholas had his thumb on anyone with power and could use them accordingly. He had the full support of his armed forced at the time and this also quashed any resistance to the Tsar and was a deterrence to any thinking of revolt. He relied heavy on many of his right hand men to think up great schemes and solutions to his problems. These people included the likes of Sergei Witte and Peter Stolypin, whom directed the Tsar in the right direction.
This led to another revolution among the people due to another corrupt authority. There was even a civil war preceding this but for a different reason. Many Revolutions and a war broke out in Russia, in order to establish a fairly strong government that was in favor of the people. During 1881, Alexander III came to power, succeeding his father, Alexander II, and ceased all reforms in Russia. Similar to his grandfather Nicholas I, Alexander III stuck to an autocratic government; this let him have absolute authority.
He also passed the Decree on P... ... middle of paper ... ...ussia and accused Kornilov of treason. Kornilov, along with other prominent generals, was tried in court. The Kornilov affair shattered Kerensky’s relationship with the army and gave the Bolsheviks fresh hope for a takeover. In October, when the Bolsheviks seized power, Kerensky pleaded with the military to help him defeat the oncoming Bolsheviks. But Kerensky would receive no help from the army, allowing the Bolsheviks to take control of Russia unopposed.