WHY MIGHT AN ORGANIZATION ADOPT A STRATEGIC APPROACH TO HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT? CRITICALLY DISCUSS WHAT HR PRACTITIONERS CAN DO TO ENSURE IT IS IMPLEMENTED IN PRACTICE. Introduction In globalisation era, managing resources in organisation is a challenge that must be faced by every entity. Their competitive advantages rely on their ability in managing their resources effectively and efficiently. This including human capital as one of the organisation resource.
A strategic planning is a backbone for support the process strategic management. It is also main process in handling the strategic management. Various definition about strategy but generally involves setting the goals and others. Any organization must look at to strategy planning for achieve their vision, mission, values and core strategy. In today, an organization must face many challenges for success in their goals and objectives.
Strategic planning is an organizational management tool that is used to set priorities, focus energy and resources, strengthen operations, ensure that employees and other stakeholders are working toward common goals, and assess and adjust the organization's direction in response to a changing environment. Effective strategic planning directs not only where an organization is going and the steps required to get there, but also how to measure it`s success. Strategic planning takes a “big picture” approach that blends futuristic thinking, objective analysis, and subjective evaluation of values, goals, and priorities to chart a future direction and courses of action to ensure an organization’s vitality, effectiveness, and ability to add public value (Poister, 2010). Strategic planning in the public sector has undergone many manifestations over the past decade as municipalities continue to utilize tools to improve organizational efficiency and effectiveness (Plant 2006). A requirement instituted by the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993, made all federal departments and agencies periodically develop and update strategic plans.
Organizational Goals Accomplished by Plan Developing Companies and organizations create plans in order to succeed and grow. According to the article The Importance of Planning in an Organization, in order for organizations to meet the goals they set for themselves they need to plan. There are different types of planning used by organizations. There are two types of planning that I will be focusing on that are used by organizations that assist them with achieving their goals and when it’s appropriate to use each type of planning. Two Types of Planning Organizations tend to use many types of planning in order to help them reach the goals that they set out for themselves.
The first action is to create a Reward/Recognition Program. This is necessary to get the employees engaged, who can transform a company. They can take customer loyalty to new levels, reduce hiring costs, and improve productivity and product quality. Second, the Employee Training and Development Program is vital to the long-term success of the organization. When carefully planned and properly implemented, the program can provide benefits to both the employees and the organization.
Also, such data can be used as an input for SWOT analysis which includes the assessment of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that the organization sustains with. • Mission, Vision and Value Alignment- Alignment is one of the most critical concepts of business planning. Every organization must have a clear picture of its stated mission and vision. It is also necessary for its owners to have an idea of why the business exists, what services it provides and who its clients are. With these in place and with the help of business planning, goals and objectives are aligned with the mission, vision and values of an organization.
When we conduct a job analysis, we need to differentiate whether a task is an associated process or if it is an actual procedure. We also need to analyze and synthesize what particular functions within the organization consist of processes. This involves a deep understanding of how the specific phase of each process is linked to the tasks. Well-defined and designed processes can dictate the quality of performance and overall work flow. Designating and documenting processes can set a benchmark from which workers and organizations can flourish.
An organization should develop an initial agreement prior to embarking on strategic planning. This process is essentially crucial because it outlines a clear understanding among key internal and external decision makers and leaders concerning the overall planning efforts of the organization. Now, what is strategic planning? Strategic planning is a process that redefines and strengthens the values, purpose, vision, mission, goals and objectives of an organization. The planning process an organization undergoes helps identify the outcomes it wants to achieve through its programs and the specific means by which it intends to achieve them.
On the contrary, the weaknesses of the strategy include difficulty in setting goals and likelihood of inflexibility. However, it can be used to influence others establishing preliminary objectives at the top, clarifying organizational roles, setting subor... ... middle of paper ... ...ancing efficiency and effectiveness in management. The outcomes I would include in this list include increased accountability, promotes clarification of roles across the organization, and enabling an organization to define itself. The personal goals I could set based on the outcomes in this program are improved efficiency and effectiveness in leadership and management. These goals will be achieved through commitment to management education and extensive research on the topic.
Needs assessments are imperative to the success of a project. They are an essential part of the planning process. A need assessment guides the administrators as they define the terms of the project. A needs assessment is defined as, “a systematic approach to studying the state of knowledge, ability, interest, or attitude of a defined audience or group involving a particular subject” (McCawley, 2009, p. 3). An effective needs assessment provides insight, information, is objective, and assists in identifying gaps in services.