Importance Of Pap Smear

832 Words4 Pages
In our day today life everybody is having a problem to lead their life. Compare to men, women are having so many problem to life survive life, health wise also they are more prone to get certain conditions such as cancer breast, cervix and uterus. For cancer cervix the best painless, easiest and simplest test is Pap smear. It is nothing but the papanicolao (pap) smear. Every woman must go do Pap smear test, after marriage and at yearly once. Incidence: In world – Approximately 510,000 new cases per year. Approximately 288,000 deaths per year. In India every year 22,844 are diagnosed with cervical cancer - 57,477 die from cervical cancer. Definition: Mrs. SangeethaGopi, Nursing tutor, Rani Meyyammai College of Nursing, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, cuddalore (DT). Tamil Nadu.…show more content…
Advice women to lie on the examination table on her back with her knees up and bent and her feet in stirrups. ii. Introduce the metal or plastic speculum into the vagina to visualize the vagina and cervix clearly. iii. By using a wooden scraper or a small cervical brush or broom or spatula to take a sample of mucus and cells from the cervix and endocervix. iv. The sample of cells are evenly applied to a glass slide and sprayed with a fixative. v. Send the sample to lab for close and careful examination under a microscope. vi. Another new kind of pap smear is called “thin prep test” the sample is rinsed into a vial and sent to a lab for slide preparation and examination. vii. A cytologist reviews both types of test. After the procedure: i. A negative or normal test finding means that the cervix looks healthy. All the cells are of a healthy size and shape. ii. A positive or abnormal test finding means that something unusual is in the sample, the test found cells of a different size in shape. iii. An abnormal Pap smear result does not always indicate cancer cells, sometimes appear abnormal but are not cancerous. The women will have to return to the clinic for follow up
Open Document