Importance Of Muslim Cosmopolitanism

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Dr Khairudin Aljunied’s conception of “Muslim cosmopolitanism”, addresses the various polities that are encompassed in the Malay kingdoms. Due to the lack of political structure in the pre-colonial era, people were able to flow from one kingdom to another without any substantial form of citizenship; supporting the development of Muslim cosmopolitanism in society. Southeast Asian Muslim kingdoms were adaptive and receptive to the different interpretations of Islam due to the Sufi perception of tolerance regarding all faiths and cultures.
The Malaysian government portrays a clear depiction of what Muslim Cosmopolitanism in a society. The UMNO is a Malay nationalist political party that has led the multi-religious National Front, which has ruled
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There is a desire for a single society consisting of Muslim’s that the key in the path to economic and modern development for Southeast Asia. Daniels’ chapters focus in on specifically how the UMNO has influence Malayan’s into practising the faith wholeheartedly, because of the special benefits that they acquire from it. However, the negative effects of the Malayan unity are heavily portrayed in governmental elections. Malay rights organizations, PERKASA, emerged as opponents of UMNO. These groups focus on strengthening citizenship requirements with the intentions to exclude groups that are not of Islamic practicing faith. PERKASA organizations convey their messages that “…selling out the Malay race, and they occasionally uses Islam or sharia as a metaphor for Malays.” (Daniels, 2017, p.147). The Malay race and state is far from hegemonic because of strong support of diversity when it comes to religious minorities. Muslim cosmopolitanism is ideal when there is an understanding of inclusiveness of different religions. Although, there is the threat a clear divide can impose stricter barriers under the justification of sharia…show more content…
Ethnic compositions of the organization are a key concept to highlight because of how it can either enforce or deter issues of trust with other identity-based groups. Organizations compiled from a single religion and single ethnicities among its members are more likely to favor and privilege that single religion and ethnicity alone. From there comes Menchik’s argument that a homogenous type of state is one that is more likely to be intolerant of other groups. A major determinant of religious organizations’ attitudes is the state. “State protection and promotion of minority groups increase the likelihood that social groups will tolerate those actors rather than face punishment.” (Menchik, 2017, p.23). The state government is responsible for creating a pathway for not only governmental acceptance of minority groups but also creating a domino effect for societal treatment of these groups. Tolerance is attainable, even in societies that attempt to attain single based
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