Importance Of Knowledge Shared Knowledge And Personal Knowledge

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While looking at Human Sciences and Natural Sciences as areas of knowing and memory, emotion, intuition and language as ways of knowing, we can see that shared knowledge can shape personal knowledge. Most knowledge is shared and in many cases shared knowledge exists prior to personal knowledge and plays a significant role in formulating it. Through the Human Sciences shared knowledge can be defined as knowledge that is based on cultural norms. Personal knowledge is defined as knowledge that is obtained by experience and perspective such as memories and emotions, personal knowledge can be something that an individual knows that others also know, therefore it is personal and shared, however, knowledge can also be just personal for example the…show more content…
Conformity is the most common form of social influence where one matches their attitudes, beliefs and behaviours to group norms. This tendency can be in response to group pressure, which may take different forms such as peer pressure, bullying etc. Solomon Asch (1951) carried out an experiment that investigated the extent to which group pressure affected a person to conform to a ‘vision test’. He used a lab experiment using students from a college in the USA. Asch put a naïve participant in a room with seven confederates who were instructed to answer incorrectly to the test. The results showed that 75% of participants conformed, giving the incorrect answer at least once. He used a control group to validate these results and found that less than 1% of participants gave the wrong answer. This research can be used to show that shared knowledge shapes personal knowledge as people conform to group presser either because they believe the group is better informed than they are or just because they want to fit…show more content…
It is suggested that there are six emotions that are experienced across all cultures; happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise and disgust. This would illustrate emotion as a way of acquiring shared knowledge because everyone understands the same things from it. However, there seems to be many examples of non universal, culturally bound emotions, such as the Chinese notion of ‘sad love’, a feeling of sadness with added intensity and complexity by love. Therefore another view is that emotions are not naturally based and that they in fact depend on social consciousness. For example, the emotion shame seems to come from a notion of right and wrong. Different cultures have differences in their moral codes therefore they would experience shame differently. The idea here is that emotion is dependent on culture rather than being universal and is shaped by social predispositions. Both these ideas would suggest that emotion is not so personal and shared knowledge in culture may shape the way emotions are
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