As a result of Japan’s forces, others had to pay for something that they did not even do. After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, the United States and Britain declared war on Japan, which caused a nationwide prejudice against all Japanese-Americans, which caused President Roosevelt to sign the Executive Order 9066and send Americans to internment camps, then after all of this the U.S. bombs Japan, ending the war and eventually congress rescinds the Executive Order 9066. After 18 months of planning, Japanese forces finally decided to take action. Their goal was to cripple the U.S. fleet so they could attack and capture the Philippines and Indo-China. Their goal for attacking and capturing the Philippines and Indo-China is to secure raw materials needed to maintain its position as a global military and economic power.
Investigation into these elements as well as records of public opinion withheld before and after the attack will determine if ignorance towards and favorable opinions of the Japanese were influenced solely by the government. B: Summary of Evidence On December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy led an attack on the United States Naval Base in Pearl Harbor Hawaii. The same day US Attorney General Francis Biddle directed the Federal Bureau of Investigation to arrest any suspected enemy aliens, and by the end of the day 737 Japanese civilians were arrested without trial. On December 8, the United States declared war on Japan and was brought into World War Two. Following the attack a great fear of more attacks by the Japanese swept over United States citizens.
Many citizens questioned how the army was caught unprepared when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. When this bombing happened people thought that the Japanese would soon attack the west coast. On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 9066, it he was warned that it would be unconstitutional signing the order. John L. Dewitt a Lieutenant General stated that the Japanese were an enemy race. With all the hatred the Americans citizens had on the Japanese residents, it led Franklin D. Roosevelt to sign the Executive Order 9066.
The nation proceeded to declare war on Japan. Then, because of the alliance between Germany and Japan, Germany declared war on the U.S. At the time, Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) was president. From the beginning of his presidency and the start of the war, he had wanted to get involved with the war. Historians have debated for many years who is at fault for the attack on Pearl Harbor and causing the deaths of two thousand Americans. He believed that without the United States aid, Russia and England would collapse, and the United States government had broken a diplomatic code and intercepted a message from Japan threatening war.
Life for the Japanese and Japanese-Americans living in Washington in 1941 suddenly became chaotic with the bombing of American Naval Base Pearl Harbor in Hawaii by the Empire of Japan. People turned their fear and outrage on the Japanese, both foreign born and the Japanese citizens of the United States of America. The government and many others believed that the Japanese living on the West Coast posed a risk to our nation’s security. On December 7, 1941, President Roosevelt sent out Public Proclamation No. 2525 declaring that anyone within the United States and not naturalized can be held, apprehended, restrained or removed as alien enemies .
The United States looked on, wishing to remain neutral and distant from the war. On December 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese, officially drawing the U.S. into the war. Thousands of young sailors died in the attack and several U.S. Navy vessels were sunk. The attack marked the beginning of the United States’ involvement in World War II as well as the beginning of the persecution of Japanese Americans in the U.S. Hysteria and outrage increased across the country and largely contributed to the authority’s decision to act against the Japanese.
Japanese towns were not only residential areas, but commercial centers as well. These commercial centers were not only utilized by Japanese Americans, but fellow American citizens who lived around them. They began to live normal lives and their children were nurtured by American institutions. But soon after America engaged in the war, these Japanese Americans became American citizens with enemy faces. The thought of them having a background in which was related to the enemy at the time shattered the Japanese Americans status, economically, politically, and socially.
When the Japanese made their attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th 1941, America was thrust into one of the biggest wars in history. The Japanese people living in America were feared of being spies, and traitors. They moved most of the Japanese people to military controlled camps. The camps are a subject of interest because of how they started, what life was like for the Japanese, and what happened after they were freed. In the early morning the sailors and soldiers at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii were attacked by Japanese pilots.
As soon as America heard these words from the president it sent war hysteria into the heart of the people, especially on the west coast. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 which permitted the military to circumvent the constitutional safeguards of American citizens in the name of national defense (Children of the Camps 1). The orders led to the relocation of 112,000 Japanese Americans along the west coast of the United States (Friends of Minidoka - Twin Falls' Early Nikkei Community 1). The relocation process was confusing, frustrating and frightening. Japanese Americans were required to register and receive identification numbers (Japanese American Internment During World War II 1).
(Terry, 2012) The opinions of... ... middle of paper ... ...n left out of the United States elementary schools and looked over when World War II is being taught. (Roxworthy, 2013) During the Second World War, the Japanese suffered great embarrassments because of their race. A law in 1948 provided reimbursement for property losses by those imprisoned, and in 1988 Congress awarded compensation payments of twenty thousand dollars to each survivor of the camps; it is estimated that about 73,000 people will receive this compensation for the violation of their liberties (2009). This topic is of significance in today’s society because of the War on Terrorism in Iraq. The same topics have come up in discussion during present day, making these past events significant when terrorism and counter-terrorism tactics are topics of national-security issues.