Lesson planning is a map to student learning, the resources teachers use influence student learning. For this reason, it is important to understand how to evaluate instructional material. There are many things to consider when choosing material resources this paper will examine the importance of the design, procedures, clarity, and efficiency when choosing lesson plans. When choosing learning resources teachers need to ensure that all students feel valued, and supported regardless of their cultural and linguistic backgrounds. It is also important that materials chosen will help all students succeed in school regardless of their abilities, backgrounds, cultures, or linguistic differences.
Also, teachers need to establish predictable classroom routines and procedures. Students can put their focus on content and activities when they know what to expect and are familiar with classroom routines. Teachers model routines and procedures by creating opening and ending procedures, procedures for distributing materials, positing agendas and schedules. It is important to keep in mind that ELs bring creative, capable minds which can process higher-order thinking and learning although those minds need strategic support, explicit instruction, and positive reinforcement to further promote learning. In the ELL classroom, several effective methods will promote and foster English acquisition, include modeling, rate of speech and wait time, use of nonlinguistic cues, giving instructions, and encouraging development of L1.
The students build knowledge, gain skills, and widen the habits of mind. In parallel, the teacher understands how to utilize instructional strategies that encourage student learning. The teacher also knows that students' domains, physical, social, emotional, moral, and cognitive development, impact learning and recognizes how to deal with these aspects when making instructional decisions. Finally, the teacher is knowledgeable of likely developmental advances and scopes of individual differences and can identify levels of readiness in learning, and knows how development in any one area may influence performance in others. All dispositions work together in an effort to produce optimal learning environments that are supportive of student learning and development.
Good pedagogy is one of the main elements that are embedded in the definition of effective teaching. There are many main components of effective teaching, exceptionally effective primary teachers are those who show all features. Pedagogical content knowledge is essential to teaching in primary settings. Teachers should have a deep knowledge of the subjects they are teaching in the national curriculum if the teacher’s knowledge does not meet a certain standard it may have a significant impact on the students’ progress. Teacher’s must also meet the inclusion needs of the national curriculum to provide effective learning opportunities to all pupils, teachers can use their pedagogical learning styles to adapt and modify the lessons if needed
After examining my use of effective classroom practices through the self-evaluation of current teaching practice worksheet, I identified several areas of teaching that I could improve in. The area that I chose to focus on was “students are carefully orientated to lessons.” Within that broad area I focused on the question if I communicated the objectives of the lesson to all students and checked to see if the students understood the objective. I posed the research question: What will the effect of clearly communicated objectives and expected learning outcomes be on the student mastery of the lesson objective?” By posing this question I expected the students to learn the objective and show mastery of the lesson objective. To help with my action research plan I read several articles about both objectives and lesson plans. The articles discussed the importance of lesson plans and lesson objectives and how to develop effective lesson plans that include objectives.
An assessment should reflect real world applications of how knowledge and understanding are used. Assessments based on situations that are relevant to students' own experiences can motivate them to give their best performance. One of the most essential educational tools is the classroom assessment. When used properly, assessments can help educators better understand what their students are learning. Classroom assessments help educators identify students strengths and weakness, monitor student learning and progress as well as plan and conduct instruction.
The teacher’s questioning strategy can help students obtain understanding and see connections as they work toward solutions to problems. (Inspire, 2011) “One of the most striking aspects of teaching is that the teacher’s speech consists of questions” (Manouchehri & Lapp, 2003, p.563). Each question the teacher asks should be strategic toward the goal of student learning. The teacher must determine beforehand what student response is desired and structure the questioning accordingly. Questioning can also aid the educator by assessing the students’ comprehension and understanding, thereby allowing the modification of instruction if necessary (Chappell & Thompson, 1999).
Through exploring multiple learning theories and reflecting on my own teaching beliefs, I have developed my own theory of learning. As I developed my theory, I wanted to consider what it takes to be a highly effective teacher. An effective teacher must have mastery of instructional strategies, classroom management, classroom curriculum design, and use assessments as feedback (Laureate Education, 2010a). By using a variety of instructional strategies, teacher’s can meet the learning styles of all the students in the classroom. Effective classroom management can lead to students feeling safe and more willing to take risks.
I should establish goals, purpose, and interactive instruction when working with students. I should be able to clarify confusion and provide differentiated tasks for students in my future teaching practices. As a teacher, I would offer models of behaviour; for instance, presenting students that creating an anchor chart helps to remember the course materials. Teachers should respond flexibly to students’ response and encourage students to self-monitor. I believe that it is essential to adapt independent learning skills in my future classroom since independent learning help students to improve their academic performances, increase motivation, confidence, and self-assessment
The activities and content, which must be included in teacher professional development, include student learning, skills of the teacher and the subject matter (Jogthong & Pimolbunyong, 2009). There are two categories of studies into the professional development and student achievement. The first category mainly focuses on the traditional teaching skills of teachers. The ability of a teacher in allocating adequate time for lessons is the area of assessment so that the teacher adequately develops his or her ability to allow sufficient time for student learning (Frampton & Vaughn, 2003, p. 292). The development of the teacher therefore should focus on enabling the teacher to be able to apply critical thinking and taking all learning factors into consideration in ... ... middle of paper ... ...wmann, F. (2001).