Importance Of Cultural Diplomacy

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1. Introduction
1.1. Definition of cultural diplomacy, its importance in the modern politics
The term ‘cultural diplomacy’ or as it is also called ‘diplomacy between cultures’ came into use quite recently, however, the evidence of its exercising into practice has been known for centuries. Since the establishing of ancient states such people as traders, artists, philosophers, teachers and explorers can be considered as a prototype of modern ambassadors and cultural diplomats. With the emergence of trade within different regions and nations the frequent exchange of information and cultural gifts between the traders and governments emerged. Those exchanges are now identified as ancient manifestations of cultural diplomacy as every person that contact with different culture ease the culture exchange in fields of politics, economics, science, arts, etc. Therefore, cultural diplomacy is an exchange of cultural aspects, information, ideas and traditions, between the representatives of different cultures aimed at promoting nation’s political influence on the world’s arena.
In a twenty first centuries globalized world cultural diplomacy is very crucial in fostering peace and stability throughout the world. If that type of diplomacy is learned and applied correctly it gives a unique opportunity to influence global ideologies and public opinion. The application of principles of diplomacy between cultures, such as recognition of cultural diversity, equality and justice, protection of human rights and international dialogue, promotes global peace and stability all over the world.
2. Japan’s cultural diplomacy: history and development
The main aim of cultural diplomacy is improving the image of a particular country, therefore, Japanese i...

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... the way of conducting Japan’s cultural diplomacy. There are some discussions in the Japanese political circles whether Japan should concentrate on current strategy that represents Japan as a highly-traditional, intellectual and peaceful culture or develop more aggressive cultural diplomacy.
However, despite the argues some parts of the new ‘soft power’ policy have already been implemented. The most visible results from the application of that concept are observed in Asian countries. As Japan was one of the United States’ allies in the Iraqi War its face as a peaceful non-military state in the Middle East was fading, therefore, Japan decided to pursue ‘civilian power’ cultural diplomacy as a stabilizing tool that will renew the image of the Japan in the region. To implement that kind of the policy several actions of Japanese government took place, among them:

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