Importance Of Conservativism

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In everyday language ‘conservative’ has many meanings, the most popular of which is ‘moderate or cautious behaviour, a lifestyle that is conventional, even conformist, or a fear of or refusal to change’. Traditionally, other ideologies supported revolutions brought forward by a growth in industrialisation whilst conservatism defended the traditional social order. In the modern day, conservativism is often portrayed in a negative light due to many believing its core purpose is simply to preach resistance to or at the very least be suspicious of change. However, many groups can also be considered ‘conservative’ due to their own resistance to change. “The desire to resist change may be the recurrent theme within conservatism, but what distinguishes…show more content…
They accept change is inevitable but their belief in how it should be achieved makes them appear resistant. Their goal can be seen as preservation, not prevention. As Edmund Burke (1790) said, “A state without the means of some change is without the means of its conservation”. Burke believed that society was shaped by ‘natural law’. If human beings tampered with the natural law that exists within the world they would be challenging the will of God and that this would result in affairs becoming worse rather than better. The main beneficiary of this belief has been the monarchy. The monarchy has a long established connection to religion through the divine right of kings which ensured its survival, although belief has now moved away from this the monarchy is still heavily defended by conservatives. This is due to their belief in its ability to create social cohesion via a link to the past, a fundamental ideal of many conservatives. 88% of Conservative voters questioned believed that the Monarchy is good for Britain and here to stay (Wildash, 2015). The monarchy reflects accumulated wisdom and experience, it has been ‘tested by time’ and therefore should be upheld for future generations to enjoy this…show more content…
They are inclined to accept change if it is brought forth from the bottom-up. If the general population are in favour and accepting of the change, it should be implemented. The changing public opinion on abortion led to its legalization in England, Scotland and Wales. The bill was fiercely debated and to this day some conservatives still oppose it. Within the UK, the staunch pro-life views have eased in parliament but there are still strong figures who firmly support the viewpoint including Jacob Rees-Mogg. Recently, he said “with abortion, it is something that is done to the unborn child. That is different… life is sacrosanct.” Burke’s idea that the living bear responsibility to past generations as well as those still to come gives us insight into the reasoning why an overwhelming number of conservatives are pro-life. Rees-Mogg’s statement shows how conservatives are adverse to change in this instance on religious grounds but also in their eyes, to protect future generations and the life of the unborn. They have, however, accepted it as it was an organic change that was demand driven. In America abortion was brought forth due to the Supreme Court case of Roe v Wade. This can be seen as change being forced from the top down and has led to abortion being a much more contentious issue in the USA, even to this day. Conservatives are wary of the ‘big government’ and therefore the Supreme Court

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