Making homosexuality “normal” or displaying queer characters as anything other than being different, unnatural, or closeted threatens heterosexuality. Displaying homosexuality as normal would mean that homosexual men could be more than just effeminate males that are attracted to other males. That is why Kuhar claims, “the homosexual became a normal citizen, yet still a member of a clearly distinct social minority, one that indeed should be tolerated but only as long as it does not challenge heterosexual domination”(Kuhar, 90). This means we only tolerate homosexuality in society and in television shows because it does not threaten heterosexuality. Heterosexuality allows homosexuality to be
Society then starts to oppress gays, and if men are seen as gay, they are seen as less of a man. Our society is structured to believe that men are supposed to be a certain way and if a man does not follow this normalcy he is then seen as less of a man. “Masculinity as Homophobia” by Michael S. Kimmel states that masculinity could be transformed into homophobia. Kimmel questions what a man is supposed to be like, but what if a man is different than the status quo “normalcy”? If a man is not seen as masculine but seen as feminine, he is normally cast as a gay because that is how our society sees men.
As various aspects and components contribute to a person’s identity, it is incorrect to limit human beings into a single group. Instead, queer theory broadens the discussion on individual identity, forming critiques on how factors such as gender and societal influences contribute to the way in which a person creates, maintains, and or changes his or her own identity. Hence, queer theorists distrust the legitimacy of “straight” ideology or heteronormativity, which holds that heterosexuality is the normal sexual orientation. Therefore “[looking] beyond an exclusive and fixed sexuality” (Dyer 4) and widening the interpretation of literary texts to include deviant types of sexual references and identities has become one of the major tasks of queer theorists. Attempting to resist the accustomed outlook that marriage and sexual relationships are only appropriate between a male and female, queer theory directs its main focus toward analyzing both the subtle and apparent non-normative ... ... middle of paper ... ...e that is lesbian as Marlow speaks of them together and not separately.
Gaunte challenges the perceived benefits from engaging in hegemonic masculinity and its relevance to a person’s well being. Benefits are strictly social, whereas the costs are internal and limits how one can behave based on guidelines of masculinity. The phrase “man up” imposes gender expectations, exaggerating perceived differences between men and women such as physical strength and emotional absence. Mora concludes that puberty is a social accomplishment because boys can enact hegemonic masculinity, but Gaunte evokes the alternative where boys do not enact hegemonic masculinity and are penalized for it. Due to society’s expectations of engaging in masculinity, a boy’s freedom to express himself is limited, and being “strong in a way that isn’t about physical power or dominance” implies femininity (Gaunte).
One intersection is race, such as Latino males needing to have an increased sense of masculinity. They need to fit the standards their ethnicity sets for them. Another intersection is religion, where you cannot be both gay and religious, and also where being gay is the result of having a demon inside of you. I believe sexuality is the main intersection addressed. Being gay is seen as something to avoid, it is seen as a problem needing to be fixed.
The category "gay" doesn't mean that the individuals who identify themselves as part of it will share an understanding of all that it has meant for one person to claim this label for himself/herself. Delany acknowledges that the identification with others that categories create is in a way false, "even the similarities are finally, to the extent they are living ones, a play of differences" (Delany 131). He emphasizes that much of the sexual experience remains outside of language. No everything will be shared, not everything can be. An individual's journey to claiming his/her own identity is entrenched in the personal journey, in occurrences both characteristic and uncharacteristic.
In relation to homosexuals, contradiction constantly arises that gay marriage should not be legalised. However, homosexuals do not necessarily want to get marriage but may just want the justification of having equal rights. Thus, in the case if homosexuals do want to marry at some stage of their relationship, according to Nagle, “people say that banning same sex marriage is not only unfair, but it is also discriminatory” (2010, p.31). In society, denying individuals rights due to their gender, race or sexual orientation is consequently classified as discrimination. Alternatively, to go against gay marriage and not allowing either two females or to males getting married to one another can become a form of illegal discrimination towards society.
However the violation of gender ideology might have negative consequences (Striepe and Tolman, 2013). Male gender role conflict, the social construction of masculinity, and the gender social norms encourage men to suppress healthy attitudes and behaviors that are believed to be contradictory to the norm (Harris, 2008). The traditional masculinity ideology and lack of reference group identify, lack of relatedness and connection with other male, are related to lower quality romantic relationship for every male (Wade and Donis, 2007). Masculinity contributes to sexual prejudice against gay men because of the strong pressure for men to conform to traditional masculine norms (Mellinger and Levant, 2014). One way for men to earn credibility among other men is through conforming stereotypical expectations when performing masculinity (Harris 2008).
Gender Identity Gender identity is basically the concept that gender is not easily divided into two classic genders as is the popular belief. Gender identity is how someone feels inside. Someone’s gender identity can align with the sex they are assigned, it can align with the sex they were not assigned and it can ever align with no recorded identity before. Gender revolves around the social aspects assigned to each gender. The term gender may not be exactly referring to someone’s gender identity so the terms are not always interchangeable.
Butler 's argument that gender exists at the level of discourse ignores its significance as 'an institutionalised social practice '. It is important to capture real-life statistics of people who don’t fit the “norm” in either traditional gender or sex categories. If we stop identifying people who may not fit the “norms” of the binary, then we mask the structural and individual oppression they will experience. By celebrating difference, queer politics makes the 'gay ' or 'lesbian ' identity to be what some consider too important. Queer theory celebrates pleasure and therefore puts a lot of emphasis on sex.