Implications Of Transgenesis

1767 Words8 Pages
The impact of transgenesis in the mass production of genetically modified crops- Soybeans Genetically modified crops are plants that have had their genetic structure artificially altered to form specific traits by changing a single gene or multiple genes. Genes are a segment of DNA that determines the structure of proteins which form every living organism and depending on the circumstance some genes are more favourable than others. When the plant contains a gene that has been transferred from another species it is called a transgenic organism. The biological concept is the mass production of genetically engineered crops (most specifically soybeans) that contain more favourable genes (called transgenes) which had been taken across the species barrier and been artificially inserted from another organism to create the new, transgenic version of the crop. The process to create this crop is called transgenesis. [1,2] Before the process can begin the desired gene must be identified. Many desired traits include improved flavour, colour, pest resistance, time to ripen, resistance to the environment or more abundant vitamins and other vital nutrients. Once identified it must be extracted and this can be done with a enzyme called restriction endonuclease which recognizes the desired DNA codes and is able to cut and isolate the gene sequence. The gene is then replicated by a polymerase chain reaction which breaks the strands apart by dividing the DNA ladder down the middle, and the opposite sides of the ladder are reproduced so that double the gene is created thus creating multiple copies of the complete gene. After this replication is insertion. There are two ways it can be inserted but both are via a vector (an agent that is able to transf... ... middle of paper ... ...rganic food growers will have to label their food with ‘GMO free”. If people are given the opportunity to grow their own they will be more likely to accept GMO’s because they will be directly reaping the rewards, and if people do chose to grow their own workshops will be held to ensure that consequences are reduced. I think growing GMO’s in New Zealand is important so that people can actually see what they are getting rather than having it just imported from other unknown places. When there is less opposition more GMO’s can be added to New Zealand and we can grow our own to make profits, but not without proper labelling and precautions so that citizens feel like they have a choice and that it is not being forced upon them. This will reduce uproar and protests as people will become familiar with GMO’s and will be comfortable with the gradual increase in products.

More about Implications Of Transgenesis

Open Document