Implications Of Smallpox Vaccines

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After there was an outbreak of smallpox in 1000CE, the smallpox immunization was created to limit the fatalities. Eventually, the inoculation traveled to Africa, Europe, and the Americas. However, in 1796, Edward Jenner used cowpox components to create an even stronger immunity. Over the next two centuries, that method undertook several medical changes. Furthermore, in the 1930s, vaccines against many diseases such as tuberculosis and typhoid developed. More recently however, vaccine research and development led to a vaccine for polio ("All Timelines Overview," n.d.). When creating a vaccine, the goal is to weaken the virus in order for the person suffering to develop immunity to it. When the vaccine is inserted into the body, it is programed to create Memory-B Cells, which protect against additional infection (Offit, 2013). The chemicals often found in a vaccine include a suspending fluid such as sterile water, a preservative, and an enhancer that helps advance the vaccine's efficiency. A vaccine also contains a weakened part of the infection cell. When the person receives the vaccine, the body reacts by creating antibodies. In other words, the injections expose people to germs, so that their body can learn to be immune to the disease (Great Ormond Street Hospital, 2013).
Vaccines tend to work tremendously well. Although no treatment is perfect, a majority of vaccines given to children produce protection from disease 90-100% of the time. However, vaccines can cause certain mild side effects. An example of these side effects would be soreness, headaches, or fevers, which typically go away after a few days. A rare, but serious side effect would be a severe allergic reaction, blood in your urine, or even pneumonia ("Possible Side-ef...

... middle of paper ... well as two other strains to prevent the flu. Another benefit is that scientist have created a nasal spray for people between 2 and 49, that way they don’t need an injection. Not only are the inoculations free, but also you could even get them at your local drugstore. However, with the advantages, come the disadvantages. Unfortunately, if you’re allergic to eggs, you’ll probably be allergic to the vaccine since it is cultivated inside of a chicken egg. Another negative to the flu vaccine is that it takes two weeks for it to kick in, and even then you’re not totally clear from getting the disease (Abbate, 2012). It is important for incoming college freshman to receive the flu vaccine in order to protect other students. When starting college, a majority of the freshman will be living in residential halls, which increases the chances of others getting influenza.