India was the first major Asian civilizations to fall victim to European predatory activities (Duiker 31). With conquering India, the British had various purposes behind it. Their main purpose was to achieve a monopolistic trading position (The Economic and Social Impact of Colonial Rule in India). The second purpose was the control of India; this was a key element in the world power structure, in terms of geography, logistics and military manpower (The Economic and Social Impact of Colonial Rule in India). When the East India Company continued to trade under the British, huge armies were created, largely composed of Indian sepoys (Marshall).
British imperialism caused some negative effects on India through poverty and persecution, but retained more of a positive impact due to its massive improvements in the modernization of India and the overall improvement of Indian civilization. Despite impacting India very positively, imperialism still caused problems within the Indian society. An example of this negative effect is that poverty was very prevalent in India due to the dismantling of the old crafts such as metalwork, glass, paper, etc. The rationale for this huge spike impoverishment is because India was to be used as a supplier for raw materials, thus halting the growth of the economy (Doc 7). Not only did Britain disrupt the Indian’s industry, but they also caused unemployment through the superseding of Indian handspinners in the 19th century.
However, soon they had acquired complete rule over India, converting it into a true British colony. The British considered Indian civilization to be inferior and implemented their western ways overriding ancient Indian customs. Nevertheless, it cannot be denied that British imperialism in India resulted in both positive as well as negative reforms in political, economic and social aspects of its new colony. To begin with, one can observe that the British colonizers did indeed improve Indian civilization by developing means of communication and transport. They built a great number of bridges, over 40,000 miles of railway and paving an astounding 70,000 miles of road (Doc.
Since India was put under imperialism, a great deal of things changed, some for the good, mostly though for the bad. Between 1640 and 1949, India was ruled by two periods of imperialism, both of which effected India in a very profound and permanent manner. The first period of European control was between 1740 and 1858. During this period the British East India Company controlled the Indian sub-continent under the guise of economic imperialism, when in fact the manipulation of Indian affairs was much more political than let on. When it was founded in 1600 by Queen Elizabeth I, the East India Company's main purpose was "to break into the Indonesian spice trade which was dominated by the Dutch."
British governance brought order and stability to a society that had recently been wrecked by the wars from the different empires. Since the British wanted to reform India, they relatively did bring some benefits to the Indians. Education, which was not very important in India until the British, established a new school system. The British also ... ... middle of paper ... ...nce campaign and Gandhi’s refusal to support the concept of weighted voting rights for India’s Muslim minority. With the constant disagreements and communal violence between the Hindus and Muslims, Jinnah felt that Muslims had no future in India.
British Imperialism in India and South Asia forever changed the course of history, having both positive and negative effects on these nations and ultimately resulting in an imperialized system that limited the freedom of citizens in India and brought tremendous wealth to Britain. Imperialism is the policy of extending the rule of a country over other countries or colonies To this degree, Britain took control of India and South Asia because they saw an opportunity for trade superiority and were enticed by the potential these regions held. From the mid eighteenth to twentieth centuries, India was governed by two different variations of British imperialism. First through the British East India Company, perhaps the most powerful private trading entity the world has ever seen, and second, through the direct control of the British government. The British East India Company came to dominate and control India for nearly two centuries, exploiting the nation's resources and rendering them economically and socially delayed .
Britain had a desire to have a more economic, political, and social influence over India. Even though the British never preserved a notable military existence in India, they were able to maintain political control. Many changes were made, which benefitted India, but there were also some changes, which contributed to its deterioration. Despite the negative impacts Britain left on India, imperialism is best understood as a strong country extending its authority, in order to increase its wealth, by bringing more of the world under its control, because Britain helped in the development of India from a nation-state, to a unified country, which is modernly the world’s largest democracy. Britain, a strong nation, demanded more influence over the economic, political, and social lives of the Indian people.
In 1599, he set sail for India and stayed there for seven years before returning back to England. But the most momentous event that occurred in the history of the East India Company was in 1600 when Queen Elisabeth allowed the Company to charter a fifteen year v... ... middle of paper ... ...The East India Company began to lose its trade power because of the Regulating Act of 1773, and eventually lost Indian power to other trade countries wanting to gain more money. The Bengal Mutiny of 1857 marked the ending of the East India Company. The British Crown superseded the East Company after the Company’s 200 year reign in India.
This is an example of how Dr. Versawami had a negative view of the natives and upheld that British imperialism was beneficial for the people of Burma. Flory acknowledges that imperialism has negative impacts on the people of Burma but it is economically beneficial to him and the British. People like Dr. Veraswami that admired the British and believed that they were helping them with a “whole uprush of modern progress” supported imperialism in Burma. There were also people like Flory that believed that they were “not civilizing them, we’re only rubbing dirt on them.” (pg.35) As tension rises between the British and Burmese people more people start to acknowledge the negatives of imperialism. The rela... ... middle of paper ... ...Kyin to prevent Dr. Veraswami from becoming a member of the club starts a riot and create tension between the British and the Burmese.
Terry Greene Mr. Manwell Eng 3 Period 3 4-14-14 AMDG Failure British economic interest began in the 1600s when the East India Company set trading posts in three different Indian states. What would India have that Europe would want? The simple answer to that particular question is its spices. Asia was like the Middle East and spice was like the oil of present day trading, and India was one of the most productive markets in the world at that time. During the first hundred years of European presence, the India’s ruling Mughal Dynasty kept the western powers and European traders under control.