China traded through only one port, Canton, which limited the amount of their exports greatly; they only traded a couple of items with England such as tea, porcelain, and silk. The British in the 1830s were in the middle of the Industrial Revolution and wanted free trade with China. After the Opium Wars, a series of wars between England and China, The Treaty of Nanking was signed in 1842, allowing... ... middle of paper ... ...rnment created some programs, such as public education, by declaring that it must be done and leaving it to the villages to finance and arrange for its provision” (Watkins). In the nineteenth century, China and Japan were two excellent comparisons of how economies can shape a nation; China failed to succeed and Japan succeeded. Civilizations that have a great deal of land and a strong military tend to have strong economies.
China grew to be the largest and most populous country of Asia. IT developed a unique culture by being isolated and having little contact with any other civilizations. After time, its methods of production and system of government here highly advanced for its time. China’s history is shown through the ruling of several different dynasties, their schools of thought and religion, and the vast spreading of their culture to its surrounding countries. Throughout China’s history, many dynasties had their turn at ruling this immensely growing country.
Although not as prominent a figure, the political impact of Chiang cannot be ignored. The downfall of the Qing Dynasty cannot be ignored as well as the 1911 revolution was a huge factor during this time in changing China. Having considered all the factors, it is to a large extent that I suggest Deng Xiaoping had the greatest impact on China because if it wasn’t for him and the way he encountered foreign influence during his time in charge, China would be stuck in Confucianism. Thus, although for much of this period it seemed foreign interference especially in the time of Mao seemed limited much of Chinas change was as a result of foreign influence. Although they were many short term events that brought about the revolution in 1911 such as nationalising the railways, leaving Pu Yi as Emperor of China and then using Yuan Shikai to crush the local rebellions.
By knowing the challenges the nation has faced, it’s much easier China, for example, has traveled a long way to get to where it is today, one of the world's leading economies. China wasn’t doing well in the 1940’s due to the fact that it was devastated by World War II and the civil war that followed. Despite that, it transformed into one of the world's leading industrial economies. India also suffered during the 1940s due to partition and World War II, but not as significantly. Their economy faltered due to the fact that the British were exploiting Indians for the benefit of the British Empire’s war effort.
In short, Europe thought China would provide them with the products they needed and they thought China was inferior in power. What strategies did China use in their empire/state building? China was under the Ming dynasty from 1368-1644. During this time China underwent many changes. The empero... ... middle of paper ... ... you avoid their turning to piracy?” The Chinese merchants grew in wealth and power as they gained profits from the foreigners (Document ).
China did not keep up with industrialization as much as the Europeans because they believed that their country was already prosperous and productive with its large labor force that produced everything they needed. In addition, they lacked the natural resources to industrialize (Zheng, lecture). Britain persistently tried to persuade China to expand their trade to them, sending Lord Macartney to the court of the emperor to discuss this expansion, but the emperor declined all requests (Cheng, 103). Because China had a strong culture, the people from the tribute countries of which China did trade with began to immerse in Chinese culture, while the British did not (Cheng, 105). The emperor permitted trade with other European countries, with the intent that they adopted to Chinese culture, unlike the British (Cheng,105).
Previous wars had benefited the USA, Japan and Britain but simultaneously weakened Turkey and Russia, de-stabilising their governments. Victory or defeat in wars also affected the outcome of any treaties that may have followed. These treaties were crucial factors in determining a country's power, as a poor outcome in a major treaty could destroy a country, leaving it small and weak. The impact of treaties on the powers was particularly shown by Germany's outcome of the Treaty of Versailles following World War 1. The Treaty left Germany with a small, useless military, very little money and a small empire.
The result is a policy based on politics and designed to threaten symptoms rather than solve the problem. Relative to its cost and size, the Three-North Shelterbelt policy of afforestation has been unsuccessful in addressing the desertification crisis in Northern China. Due to its population, modern history, and political system, it is not surprising that China is facing large scale environmental problems like desertification. China is a large country in many respects. Geographically, China is the fourth largest country in the world with 9,596,961 sq km of total territory.
But, instability and economic pressures took a toll on the two empires, and when Rome fell in 476, the Silk Roads were used far less than how they originally were. The roads managed to pick up again as the Byzantine Empire in the east emerged and was able to prosper from usage of the already available roads. However, the Mongols come into play and invade the empire and end Byzantine’s era with the Silk Roads. In Western Europe, society was in the period called the Middle Ages where trade was minimal and feudalism had taken the place of trade since the fall of the Roman empire. The Mongols, who had... ... middle of paper ... ...ace in this era, so naturally slaves were traded along the established trade routes.
The British interest for tea led the Europeans to trade with China. At first, trading was subtle, but when conflicts began arising, the situations escalated and a series of wars were fought out with China to resolve them. The Qing Dynasty was able to take care of the 3 million people who lived within its borders. The people grew crops such as rice, spun silk, farmed tea roses, and make fine porcelain. The Qing Dynasty was the lone power in the Far East.