Motives for British Imperialism in Africa Before the Europeans began the New Imperialism in Africa, very little was known about the inner parts of the continent. However, after some explorers delved deeper into the heart of Africa, the Europeans soon realized how economically important this area was, and how much they could profit from it. At the time, Britain had only small occupations of land in Africa, but after they realized that they could make money from the rich resources from the inner regions of Africa, they wanted to invade the African countries and take over. This led to the scramble and ultimately, the partition of Africa. During the Age of Imperialism, from 1870-1914, Britain was a major country, which proved to be true in the “carving up” and division of Africa.
The Europeans had many motives for imperialism in Africa. Yet the true motives were often shielded as they tried tom present themselves as humanitarians when in reality they were making Africa a terrible place to live with brutality and harsh treatment of the African natives. The ways of the Europeans had many physical and emotional costs for the people of Africa. The imperialism process also took a toll on the people of Europe. The European imperialistic colonization in Africa was motivated by the desire to control the abundant natural resources an... ... middle of paper ... ... reasons.
Imperialism brought in more money. And the big money maker at that time was Africa, England especially had taken quite a few colonies there. Joseph Chamberlain when addressing the public, stated that- “Uganda is a most fertile country. It contains every variety of climate; in a large portion of it European colonization is perfectly feasible;…there is hardly anything which is of value or use to us in our commerce which cannot be grown there- (Overfielld 7)”. When powerful nations such as England and France began colonizing in Africa and other places they took natural resources such as rubber, ivory, spices, diamonds, and gold, and sold them on the market.
The economic and political effects were also great, but nothing could measure up to the stark social consequences of Social Darwinism, and how that still affects Western Society today. Imperialism has taken many forms, one of the most heinous being the Social Darwinism occurring in Africa in the late 1700's. Europe's sudden swell of power lead it to invading and exploiting Africa, its people, and its resources. This effect of Imperialism in European Colonies in Africa sent a lasting social message to Western civilizations. While the political and economic effects of this tragedy cast a large shadow, the social repercussions of Social Darwinism are by far the most prominent.
Their foresight was limited to only the positive outcomes. After the Europeans began to colonize Africa, they saw great results rather quickly. European influence had caused the opening of many lumber, mining,and planting corporations, as well as many other means of wealth. Document 4 shows this when it says, “...who were largely responsible for the for the opening of the region to the lumberman, miner, planter, and other means of wealth.” By having colonies in the prosperous continent of Africa, countries would have a terrific source of income. By having a colony in Africa, Europeans would have easy accessibility to cheap labor, and be part of the slave trade.
The push for power was motivated by greed and an overwhelming desire to control every aspect of valuable foreign areas. One of the biggest moments in the history of colonization was the ‘Scramble for Africa’, as historians (and Professor Hopkins) refer to it as. As slaves were the biggest resource of the time, the banning of slave trade in Africa in the early nineteenth century caused European disinterest in continent that they were once heavily dependent on. Although there were localized replacements, like ivory trading, they were not as effective in keeping Europe’s interest. As a result, Africa was desperate to be relevant again, their economy depended on it.
The newly independent nations faced countless challenges such as continued interference from colonial powers, neo colonialism, social issues within the state itself, and most notably economic instability. European Governments justified their actions of imperialism through the argument that they were in reality helping these developing countries. That they were uncivilized and involvement was necessary in order for them to thrive. We see this in Africa using Rudyard Kipling’s “White Man’s Burden.” “Take up the White Man’s burden – the savage wars of peace – fill full the mouth of famine – and bid the sickness cease,” (Kipling, 1899-1902). Decolonization was more or less inevitable as there was increased tension between the native countries and the colonial powers after World War I and World War II.
The Europeans established themselves on most of n... ... middle of paper ... ...ive occupation to permanently eliminate permanently Portugal’s claims to half the coastline of Africa. Germany’s aggressiveness in signing treaties asserting German protectorates has also alarmed Great Britain and started to divert from its traditional practice of reluctance to establish political control due to its expensiveness in money and men so as to leave trade matters as much as possible in the hands of the merchants. The British government acted in recognition of the danger that British trade was in and the government duty to protect that trade even with the extension of political responsibility and all its money’s worth. Britain in the scramble for Africa gained a great deal of territory in West Africa keeping to its objective of having enough influence to ensure that no British interests were discriminated against in favor of those of any other power.
Another positive effect can be read on documents 1 and 5. These documents show how both the oppressors and oppressed benefit from getting new resources such as raw m... ... middle of paper ... ... of power and they also felt as though they needed to help smaller nations like if it was their burden, which Europeans called it the “white man’s burden”. Mother countries were destroying ethnic groups and causing civil wars between smaller nations. Modern imperialism can be described that is was never good. When a nation took over a smaller nation for economic, political, or social reason, they were imperialistic, creating the oppressors and oppressed system of the mother and colonized nations.
The war occurred also because of strategic reasons. The British had already seized Swaziland, Bechuanaland and Basutoland, which more or less surrounded the Boers who feared that if the British took any more territory, they could be under siege, particularly if their route to the sea was blocked. The British wanted to control all of Southern Africa, not just small areas which were isolated - the Boers were their main opponents. There were economic issues involved in the war. The Boers took control of the Transvaal and set up the Orange Free State.