Grunfeld. The Vietnam War: A History in Documents. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2002. Print.
In 1962 JFK sent... ... middle of paper ... ...xchange, North Vietnam promised that elections would be held to determine the fate of the whole country. As the Watergate scandal began to enclose around Nixon, the North Vietnamese Communist leader Le Duan assumed correctly that the United States would not likely interfere in Vietnam, even though Nixon promised to. As a result from that, North Vietnamese troops began to move into South Vietnam in 1974. Nixon resigned in shame in Aug. 1974 and was replaced by the Vice President, Gerald R. Ford. Any hope to try to salvage the war was shattered when congress refused adequate funding for the South Vietnamese army in 1974.
The Vietnam War, also known as the American War, and the Second Indochina War started on December 1956. 58,000 Americans were killed. The war ended on the 30th April 1975, along with a withdrawal of the United States army, and the South and the North of Vietnam reunited. The US government, led by Lyndon Baines Johnson, tried to stop communism from spreading in North Vietnam, because if Vietnam became a communist country, the nearby countries, such as Laos, Thailand, and Cambodia may be affected and become communist countries as well, like a domino, gradually turning down the countries in agreeing in being a communist, called the ’domino theory’. On the other hand, South Vietnam was a capitalist.
Although the American people wanted end the spread of Communism, the Vietnam War received a vast amount of opposition in the States, along with tons of media coverage and journalists reporting on the war. Unfortunately the Vietnam War was perceived as a failure due to many contributing factors such as the numerous unnecessary casualties inflicted on both sides (History.com). During World War II, Japan occupied Vietnam, a nation that had previously been under French administration. Influenced by Chinese and Soviet communism, Ho Chi Minh formed the Viet Minh to fight against the French colonial administration and seized the capital city of Hanoi after the Japanese withdrew, and declared himself president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (History.com). Desiring to get control of the region the French backed the Vietnamese emperor Bao Dai, and established the state of South Vietnam with Saigon as its capital.
New York: Columbia University Press, 2007. Print. Vadas, Robert E.. Cultures in conflict: the Viet Nam War. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002. Print.
It ended with the collapse of South Vietnam government, and the reunification of Vietnam took place. In the end, the United States was forced to sign the exact treaty as offered before. In conclusion, there were a lot of problems that came up back then in Vietnam. The United States was Diem as a puppet in order to control the country. Vietnam has been a quiet peaceful country, but unfortunately the war began and lots of people lost their lives because of this tragedy.
It touches on subjects like the, how the privileged were not drafted, the split between the rich, and working class, and how the government will war support as black mail against it’s own citizens. Although, how did the United States end up in Vietnam in the first place? It all started with the French fighting a war against all of Indochina, and the U.S providing aid to the French in the late 1940’s. Even with the aid of America, Ho Chi Minh defeated the French in 1954, but America decided to become officially involved in an attempt to defeat the North Vietnamese communists. Eisenhower, addressed the United States with what he called the “Domino Effect,” basically stating that if we allow communism it will spread all over the world.
Paul Potter, president of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), held his first anti-war rally that attracted 25,000 people. The movement occurred between 1960 and 1970. Paul Potter’s speech, “The Incredible War”, was established in hopes of ending the war by creating a social movement. The only way for people to end the war is by challenging the system, creating posters, and not by having a couple marches because that wasn’t going to benefit them. “This war was mainly fought mainly by Vietnamese Communists, who were strong in the north of Vietnam.” (Britannica) The goal of the movement was to end the Vietnam War because it was taking away the American’s freedom and destroying their peace in the world.
Hershberger, M. (1998). Traveling to Vietnam: American peace activists and the war. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press. Herring, G.C. (1994).
Exploring the Reasons for United States' Withdrawal from Vietnam America withdrew its last troops from Vietnam in 1973 but troop numbers were being reduced since 1969 after the election of President Nixon on a pledge of "Peace with honour". Eight years earlier in 1965 president Johnson had committed the nation to war with general support from the population who had come to fear communism. America was committed to Truman's policy of "Containment" of communism thereby hoping to prevent the 'domino effect' whereby America feared that if Vietnam became a communist country, other neighbouring countries would follow suit. They entered the war as the world's richest and most technologically advanced nation with an army that had been victorious in all previous campaigns. Their weaponry was advanced and far superior to the limited resources of the Vietcong whose soldiers were made up in part of untrained peasants and farmers.