The Role of Religion in the Formation of America Religion has played a large role throughout History. Entire nations have been founded on the ideals of one religion or another, and many wars have been fought purely for religious reasons. In fact there are wars still going on that are almost completely religiously motivated. New Religions may form, old religions may die or change, but they will always be a part of our culture and society. Religion always seems to play a large role in the formation of societies and cultures, and the history of the United States is no different from that of the rest of the world.
Burin, E. (2012). The Slave Trade Act of 1819: A New Look at Colonization and the Politics of Slavery. American Nineteenth Century History, 13(1), 1-14. doi:10.1080/14664658.2012.681940 Hammond, J. (2012). Slavery, Settlement, and Empire.
In Bohemia, the religious and political structures caused total havoc for over thirty years; and in England, the Presbyterians thought that the English Anglican Church too closely resembled the Roman Catholic Church. Religion was the major cause of the widespread turmoil that took place throughout Europe between 1560 and 1660. One example of a battle in Europe that was caused by religious conflict took place in the Netherlands, between the Dutch citizens and their ruler Phillip II of Spain. When he tried to gain control of the catholic church there, the Dutch rebelled. The Protestants began to assault the Catholics, destroy their churches, and revolt against Phillip and his strict Catholic codes in 1572.
7 Levin, What Happened in Salem?, 101. 8 Levin, What Happened in Salem?, 102. 9 Levin, What Happened in Salem?, 103. 10 Bernard Rosenthal, Salem Story : Reading the Witch Trials of 1692 (New York : Cambridge University Press 1993), 135. 11 Levack, Witchcraft in Colonial America, 286.
Individuals wanting religious tolerance that was different from the national religion began to cause tension within the country. One of the major religious conflicts between the Protestant and Catholics divided nations through Europe. As the Protestant Reformation spread to England, the tensions between the Protestants and Catholics quickly escalated all over the country. For England, the constant change of rulers altered the nation’s religion from Protestantism to Catholicism. Many people felt conflicted over which religion to practice with the fear of persecution by the crown.
Rockford. Tan Books and Publishers “Malleus Maleficarum Index.” Internet Sacred Text Home. http://www.sacred-texts.com/pag/mm/. (Accessed February 17th, 2011) "Chronology of Events Relating to the Salem Witchcraft Trial of 1692." UMKC School of Law.
This social division is yet another example of how religion disbands organizations of people. Throughout examples in history, current events, and religious teachings, religion severely impacted history and world. Its power to partition groups of people is demonstrated through various events, such as the Crusades and the September 11 attacks. Whether from the past or current events, the dividing force of religion plays a vital role in shaping society today.
Throughout the course of the 17th century major changes were occurring in England. A change in the throne and a clash with the king was causing discontent among the people. This conflict was largely over the issue of religion and the lack of tolerance that the king had for those who believed differently than he did. Religious intolerance in England and other European countries led to the colonization of the New World for various reasons. In breaking free of the persecution, finding a home in America, and establishing their own colonies, the colonists shaped the modern American religious ideology.
20th Century Interpretations of The Crucible.Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1972. Karlsen, Carol F. The Devil in the Shape of a Woman. New York:Vintage Books, 1987. The Salem Home Page. The Salem Witch Trials 1692. www.