One of the most powerful of these changes is the way in which outward foreign direct investments (OFDI) are circulated and used in order to influence other countries. Indeed, this paper would talk about how Central Asian and African countries were added to China’s sphere of influence through strategic foreign direct investments. First, it would start from giving general background to the Chinese OFDI and its stages of development. Then, it would focus on how through its OFDI, China is expanding its empire through countries such as Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. After that it would talk about strategic Chinese Investments in African region and how it is influencing the region.
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The emergence of innovations adapted by those involved in the hospitality industry determines the costs incurred, and thereby impacts significantly on the call for globalization. In this case, advances in the manner of doing business, including internet availability and advertisements impact on trade ... ... middle of paper ... ...ge Learning. Science Initiative Group Institute for Advanced Study, 2007, Globalization: Trends and Prospects, Available from: http://sig.ias.edu/files/Egwang-_Welcome.pdf Tipurić, D. 2002, Strategic alliances in Croatian tourism industry – new opportunities and challenges, Global tourism and entrepreneurship in the CEI region, ed. J. Vadnjal, A. Szabo, I. Pecher, H. Hadszuh, Radenci: 4th Small Business Development centre international conference. University of Kentucky, (n.d), Industry Globalization, Available from: www.uky.edu/~wallyf/globaliz.ppt Wahab, S. & Cooper, C. 2001, Tourism in the Age of Globalisation, London: Routledge.
Obsessed by this global trend, many countries around the world are revitalizing their public sector to make it more efficient and more service oriented by introducing technological innovation within its organizational structure and practices for accelerated service delivery to citizens. ICTs is seen as an effective tool that can help government reinvent itself, run cheaply, faster, better and produce new outcome (Heeks,1999) . It has been noted that ICTs provide great development opportunities for Africa in the area of poverty reduction, wealth creation, citizen participation, as well as improving livelihood. The nexus between ICT and government is increasingly being recognized and researched. Although, traditionally ICTs have been used in business and other fields, government around the world are beginning to embrace and deploy ICTs in public domain because they have come to realize that ICT is a useful tool that can enable public agencies to change from routine-based, command-and-control organizations that are inwardly focused on administration to knowledge-based, networked, learning organizations that are externally focused ... ... middle of paper ... ...ping countries.
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A higher demand for elastic, individualized options and worth of information has adapted leisure and tourism behavior, an end result of improved ICT usage. Through new technology and communal ratings, customers have the competence to share information and explore ratings on target, excellence of service in hotels and restaurants and ecological and social conditions. Number of hotels have reinforced their brand image and correspond directly with their consumers by relocation links to a press liberate or supporting new package through Twitter (Anand Bethapudi, 2013). 2.2 Introduce how ICT works in the sector of your case study Effective and express ICT infrastructure and software applications in the tourism sector (Hotel Business) are decisive in tourism escalation. ICTs allow customer supervision connections and supply chain management to be mutual into a single resource that assists a range of operations such as: • Product/Service selection: Choose the products and services from the list of alternatives ass to the requirements of the visitors.
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