Impact of Genetically Modified Foods on Poverty and Hunger alleviation

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Research currently done in the field of biotechnology is aimed at producing crops that will have high yields through the use of genetically modified foods. Genetic engineering comprises of selective breeding that allows manipulation of genes either by altering or removing genes (Oniang'o, 2011, p.2). The impact of genetically modified foods on agricultural productivity and poverty eradication has for a long time been a source of controversy (Grushkin, 2012, p.18). Increase in production quantities are expected to lower food prices either at a local or global level, only if the countries are open to agricultural trade agreements. The genetically modified crops are those crops whose genetic material has been altered. Oniang'o (2011) identified that genetically modified foods can be achieved through:

• Traditional variety and breeding

• Scientific modification of the crops (p. 1).

The major focus is on scientific modification of food and its role in the eradication of poverty and hunger across the globe. With research findings such traditional biotechnology which has the potential of producing quality and yields of plants and animals by means such as selective breeding, biotechnology through innovations and developments of genetic engineering have lead to increased agricultural production. Genetic engineering produces foods of high quality and super foods that are less costly to produce grow rapid in large quantities and are vastly nutritious in micronutrients. This means that they have the ability to feed the growing population that is set grow to13billion by 2020.

Genetic engineering in the agricultural sector has to a large extent lead to the modification of crops so that they can have superior agronomic characteristics s...

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...different seasons.

• There are continuous tests carried out on genetically modified foods meaning that the food supplied in the market is healthy of great quality.

The agricultural productivity gains in third world countries have significant impacts on the final poverty levels as there is universal increase in agricultural activities. The importance of increasing agricultural production in developing countries highlights issues increased living standards, increase in both social and technological facilities (Grushkin, 2012, p.15). In the long run genetically modified foods reduce global poverty by increasing income, low costs of production and consumption benefiting the poor people. In a nutshell the overall impacts of increased agricultural productivity are without a doubt positive, through reducing poverty level rates (Magdoff & Tokar, 2009 p.12).
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