This unwanted disease works its way into even the strongest of people who have had no symptoms. Even with a healthy lifestyle, can diabetes become preventable? Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. “Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar.” People need insulin to survive. People with high blood sugar normally have diabetes because their pancreas does not make enough insulin, their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin.
Because the pancreas supplies little or no insulin in this disease, daily injections of the hormone and a controlled diet are necessary to regulate blood sugar levels. Insulin is generally effective in preventing glucose buildup, but it is a treatment and not a cure for diabetes. The onset of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes begins with frequent urination, extreme thirst, constant hunger, and unexplained weight loss. Because people with Type I Diabetes lack sufficient insulin, glucose accumulates in the blood to levels too high for the kidneys to excrete. In an effort to remove the excess sugar, the kidneys excrete
Until they do, they have already developed life-threatening complications. This may include blindness, kidney diseases, nerves diseases, heart diseases, strokes, and amputations. It is no wonder that diabetes is known as the silent killer. Diabetes is condition where the body does not produce or properly use insulin, which is a type of hormone that converts sugar, starches, and other types of foods into the energy that humans need everyday. It controls the blood sugar level and without it, death is inevitable.
Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a type of hormone that people need in order to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy. In type 1, the beta cells in the pancreas destruct which is how, in most cases, leads to insulin deficiency (Daneman 2006). This type of diabetes is accounted for only about 5-10 percent of the population who are diagnosed with diabetes (Daneman 2006). Type 1 is usually found in children and young adults, however it is triggered through environmental elements such as viruses (Mayo Clinic staff 2015).
In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is not able to produce sufficient amount of insulin as required for the body. The pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes suggests that it’s an autoimmune disease, in which the body’s own immune system generates secretions of substances that attack the beta cells of the pancreas leading to low or no insulin secretion. This is more common in children and young adults before the age of thirty. Type 1 is also referred as Insulin dependent Diabetes Mellitus or Juvenile Diabetes, exogenous insulin is needed for its treatment. In type 2 diabetes mellitus we find insulin resistance with varying degrees of insulin secretory defects and is more comm... ... middle of paper ... ... advice to wear comfortable shoes, preferable leather, and not to walk barefoot.
Insulin helps the body get energy by absorbing carbohydrates in the foods people eat every day. Sometimes the body cannot use insulin efficiently or it just cannot make enough of it. This is when diabetes is developed. If glucose cannot be absorbed then it will build up in the blood. High blood sugar can damage nerves and blood vessels.
Either it runs in an individual’s family or it comes from bad eating and being overweighed. Diabetes is not a virus, bacterial, or an infection it’s just a long term disease. To fight this disease you would have to take several insulin injections, eating a healthy diet, exercising, no drugs or alcohol. Met forming is the most common drug used for diabetes. Treatments for diabetes help people that are suffering by preventing them from having any problems.
RQ1 what is diabetes? Glucose is produced in the liver and insulin is produced in the pancreas, insulin helps the body break down the sugar in the blood stream. Insufficient insulin means the that the liver is producing masses amounts of sugar and the cells in the body are not absorbing it, insulin helps this process. There are two classifications of diabetes, type I diabetes is completely insulin dependent, this means that the pancreas does not make any insulin at all and the diabetic must take insulin injections to survive, type I diabetes is usually diagnosed early in life and is really uncommon, making up less than 0.5 of the world’s population. Type II diabetes is the second kind, this is where the pancreas is producing insulin but not quite enough to properly defend the body against the extra sugars.
Did you know that in 2012, 29.1 million Americans were diagnosed with diabetes? About 1.25 million children and adults were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. (American Diabetes Association, 2015) More and more Americans are being diagnosed with diabetes, and it’s more common now than ever before. But, what is really scary is the “myths” about diabetes that is creating an image that have false information and contain stereotypes. “If you eat too much sugar, you get diabetes,” “If you are a diabetic, you cannot have sweets,” “You can catch diabetes from somebody,” and “Fruit is healthy, eat as much as you want!
Type 2 diabetics produce insulin, but the cells in the body are "insulin resistant". They do not respond properly to the hormone, so glucose accumulates in the blood. Insulin resistance increases as weight increases and physical activity decreases. Many Americans with type 2 are obese and weigh at least twenty percent more then what is recommended for that person's height. Some type 2 diabetics must inject insulin, but most people can control the disease with exercise, weight loss, and oral diabetes medications.