1.The population I decided I wanted to learn more about is children who are deaf. 2. a. It can be very difficult to distinguish the origin of a child’s hearing loss. One reason is if there were difficulties during the pregnancy or birthing process. For instance, if the mother contracted a severe illness like German measles it could influence the baby’s hearing.
They go from having a bouncy, livey baby to a having a total stranger as their child. Many therapies have been devised to help autistic children. Some of these therapies are: behavior therapy, speech and language therapy, holding therapy, music therapy, and the newest one, facilitation therapy. Since most autistic children are different and th... ... middle of paper ... ...bsp; Another treatment for autism is an effective medication called clomipramine. It was reported in the Archives of General Psychiatry that it "reduced a range of symptoms in three-quarters of autistic children tested" (Goleman C11).
A child with Asperger’s Syndrome is capable of communicating, but due to their social and developmental impairments, they cannot appropriately communicate with their peers. On the other hand, a child with Autism lacks language skills and requires spec... ... middle of paper ... ...e a big difference to a child's eventual ability to interact with a non-autistic world (www.autism-help.org).” In conclusion, Pervasive Developmental Disorder categorizes five areas of the autism spectrum. Each area is unique and has its own characteristics as well as life expectancies. While one disorder may result in language impairments, another may be a chronic syndrome that an individual has to live with for the rest of their life. PDD-NOS is a term used to describe an individual who possesses autistic characteristics, but not specifically Autism.
A deaf child born to deaf parents adapt language normally, because the parents know how to relate to their child. However, a deaf child born to hearing parents, who have no prior exposure to the deaf culture, struggle to learn how to communicate with their child. The absence of communication will interfere with a child’s development (Easterbrooks & Baker 2002). Hearing parents do try their best, but there are things a deaf child needs. The knowledge of visual and spatial relationships is a skill most hearing parents do not understand, however their child will need that understanding (Easterbrooks & Baker 2002).
The cause of hearing impairment has various forms. Such as, a fault in the genetic blueprint, if one chromosome from either parent is damaged. This is the main cause of a child having it before birth. Deafness can be caused at any stage of life. Birth injury where the brain or the nerve leading to the brain may get damaged causing an impairment.
Dyslexia is a learning disability that affects reading, writing, spelling, and sometimes speaking in children. Dyslexia is known as one of the common disabilities in children. Dyslexia can be mild or severe, every child diagnosed with dyslexia is different in some ways. Treatment for dyslexia should be introduced as early as possible for best results, however, it is never too late for improvement. (Bucciarell & Rais, 2008) Dyslexia can be inherited through a person’s family or it can be caused by the way the brain has developed during pregnancy and early childhood.
There are a lot thing this to why it exists. They include a change of a misdiagnosis, the chances of which some children becoming an adult form different forms of Autism than what they had when they was a child. Sometimes with a Autism child they can grow out the Autism mind set and can no longer meet the criteria of being diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Some children who have no longer met the criteria of being diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder are later diagnosed with attention deficit. Children that are diagnosed with Autism have their own disabilities and strengths.
In America, English exists as the standard language. For that reason, it is understood that children will learn this as their primary language. However, according to the “National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders” website, “about two to three children per 1,000 are born deaf or hard of hearing”(Quick Statistics [NIDCD Health Information]) . Moreover, an article by Karen Kalivoda points out that “depending on the age of onset and the severity of the hearing loss, an individual's spoken language development may be radically affected”. Babies learn to speak by parroting the sounds around them; however, a deaf child does not hear these noises and, therefore, the child does not “develop their language” skills (Kalivoda).
‘Deaf children who cannot communicate with their parents in their early years run the risk of permanent psychological damage’ (Lynas et al, 1988). However, with early identification, today’s technology and the different slant on ‘oralism’ we are moving to an era where all deaf children are expected to achieve proficiency in oral language. As Ling (1988) stated, “…with the insightful application of present day knowledge and the selection and use of appropriate electronic devices, most hearing-impaired children, regardless of the extent of their impairments can be helped to acquire fluent perceptual-oral language skills that can enable them to communicate, compete and conform with the majority of their hearing peers”.
Student who are hard of hearing many be only to hear specific frequencies or sounds within a certain volume range. They will most likely have speech; however, their speech could be impaired due to their inability to hear their own voices clearly. While those students who are deaf may have little or no speech depending on the severity of their hearing loss, and they are more likely to use American Sign Language than those students who are hard-of-hearing (“Deaf or Hard of Hearing,” 2004). Hearing loss can affect a child dramatically in their early development. It is important to be aware and cautious of noticing signs towards possible hearing loss, because language and communication skills deve... ... middle of paper ... ...ded.