As the divide grew, tempers and attitudes flared, as d... ... middle of paper ... ... Civil War because it transferred the upper hand from the Confederates ultimately sealing the Union’s victory. After the Battle of Gettysburg, the tides turned. Lee’s army no longer poses a threat in northern territory and the north could then take over southern cities, beginning its efforts towards restoration of the Union. After the Confederacy lost, southern people began to reconsider the reasons behind the war and fighting. Also, the fact of this war being the highest casualty number ever at this point in history, people no longer wanted to enlist or support the battling.
The victories by the Union at Petersburg and Richmond led General Robert E. Lee to surrender at Appomattox. This effectively brought the most horrifying war in American History to an end. Many American soldiers died but not in vein. They fought for our country and to help hold it together. These battles and many more just show us how horrible war was, but without these battles America wouldn’t be what it is today, a unified and free country.
Abraham Lincoln (12 Feb. 1809-15 Apr. 1865) the 16th president (civilwar.org) of the United States of America was one of the main public persons that influence the civil war in many aspects. Even though the civil war may have been the last resource the nation had, it could be argue that Lincoln’s governments try its best to find a different solution. The civil war was a conflict that destroyed the nation; it perhaps could have been avoided if the second party had work for a solution. But it is true that maybe both parts could have looked out for the benefits of the people as a whole instead of their personal benefits.
The war effort united Southerners under a unity of purpose in the early days of fighting, but after 1863, as the war waged on and years passed, Southerners began to lose faith in the Confederacy (Perman, 229). In addition to a crumbling national identity, the necessities of war diminished morale among citizens of the Confederacy. Early on, the South believed that Europe would a... ... middle of paper ... ...ew the war he was fighting was not an epic Napoleonic battle but a war of attrition. He proceeded with his plan to slowly shrink Confederate territory and destroy Lee's army to the point that the South could no longer mount a viable defense. Eventually Grant succeeded and Lee's men were all that remained of the Confederate army.
Lincoln himself said that if Meade had fought on that final day in Gettysburg and destroyed Lee’s army, that the war could have been over then. The surrender of Vicksburg, in addition to victory at Gettysburg, greatly heartened the North and made July 3, 1863, the turning point of the American Civil War (Vicksburg Campaign). The campaigns of Gettysburg and Vicksburg, in spite of their importance, showed that the war would not be over soon, even though the North won both battles. In the minds of many historians, when one hears the name John Clifford Pemberton, they should think failure, defeat and ruin, his career was defined by what happened in Vicksburg (Smith). Gettysburg is considered to be the turning point because it ended the South’s attempt to invade the North, and turned the Army of Northern Virginia into a purely defensive group.
The South still feels they should have won the war, but the defeat they, as a nation, suffered in the Western Theater made it impossible to win; the Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi turned the war for the Union. Vicksburg was the turning point of the war, and the Union was going to win the war from this point. The Eastern Theater was where the most intense fighting in the war occurred, but the Western Theater was where the Civil War was determined; Vicksburg proved this fact. Gettysburg may have been the biggest battle in the war, but Vicksburg was the turning point, and if the city had never been taken, then the American Civil War could have had a different outcome.
“This Lincoln always publicly condemned the abolitionists who fought slavery by extra constitutional means – and condemned also the mobs who deprived them of their right of free speech and free press.” (Holfstadter, Lincoln and the Self-Made Myth) Other than that, the North had the upper hand in nearly all aspects that really mattered in times of war. With this information it is clear that without Lincoln’s conservative political stands a “Quick War” would have been much more realistic. Either way, the North had won the Civil War before it began. While the North thought about attacking and invading, the South thought about defending and causing attrition. As the Civil War came underway the South’s military, smaller than the North’s, would take heavy blows from the decisions of the Confederacy.
The battle of Gettysburg played a large part in history, including the Union’s victory. The Civil War was between the slave holding south, or Confederates, and equality fighters of the north, or The Union, in the United States. When the Civil War began, the Confederate troops, though smaller, began to defeat the Union. The Confederate side began to see themselves invincible, which lead to their demise later in the war. After the loss at Gettysburg, Confederate soldiers began to lose hope.
Fortunately, for us today, the North won the war and saved the Union. Our current government along with our Nation could be drastically different or not even exist at all today if the South had successfully seceded. As for the issue of slavery, if the South had won slavery may have been preserved for a while but I don’t believe it would have lasted forever. The Civil War was more than just a conflict over rights and slavery. It was the war that proved America had successfully created a powerful democratic government that was a force to be reckoned with whether you were a citizen, a state, or a foreign nation.
Gettysburg was the major turning point in the Civil War. Some historians argue that Vicksburg and Sherman's march to the sea also were major turning points of the war; they were. The loss of Vicksburg meant losing the Mississippi River. Having the Union in control of the river split the CSA and stopped the flow of men and supplies to needed places in the Southern struggle. The North's control of the river allowed for an increase in Union war resources.