Some Southerners were worried about the novel leading to slave rebellions. In Abolitionism Unveiled, Henry Field James predicted that the South would be devastated by blacks who acted in the spirit of Stowe’s militant slave George Harris (Reynolds 151). Southerners felt threatened that it seemed necessary to challenge it in every genre, even poetry. Anti-Tom novels rose and their theme was a defense of slavery, arguing that the South’s enslaved blacks were far better off than either poor whites or free blacks in the North (Reynolds 155). As Southerners came back with defensive literature or protests, the North would comment back.
John C. Calhoun showed his displeasure by writing, “I have, senators, believed from the first that the agitation of the subject of slavery would, i... ... middle of paper ... ...ery and pro-slavery supporters, resulting in Civil War. As social events, including the Mexican-American War and abolitionist movement, intensified the slavery debate, the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act failed to ease political differences, leading to the Civil War. Social unrest, aided by the abolition movement, increased the debate over slavery as America obtain new lands from the Mexican-American War. This resulted in the passing of the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which will result in failure. The failure of the compromises proved the nation could not function as one, resulting to the justification of the Southern Secession; war was inevitable.
Politically, the Northerners contributed immensely to the opening of the Civil War. John Brown's Raid at Harpers Ferry made the south believe the Northerners had a whole scheme to ban slavery. The South wondered how or why they would remain in the Union when a "murderous gang of abolitionists" were running around. Southerners also believed that this violent abolitionist's view was a common one shared by the entire North. This act of the North made the South resent the North's pushy ways and begin to think of leaving the Union.
The south which supported savery was furious especially to an idea of congressman tallmadge who disliked slavery who proposed missouri be able to enter as a slave ... ... middle of paper ... ...economic progress and national policies. During the battle of the south between states rights which meant the power and decisions a state would have a decision was made of secession. The differences between the north and the south grew because of the power and opinions that each side received and contributed. Even though people believe the civil war was caused by the state rights in some ways it was by the differences of slavery. The tension between the sides were strong which lead to the civil war, but were all caused by their disputes of slavery moving on towards the new expanding territories.
Slavery was also seen as a threat to democracy; Northerners believed that a corrupt oligarchy of rich planters, the Slave Power, dominated Southern politics, and national politics as well. Northerners also objected on moral grounds to being legally required to enforce fugitive slave laws.  Abolitionism as a cause of the war By the 1830s, a small but outspoken abolitionist movement arose, led by New Englanders and free blacks, including William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, and Lucretia Mott. Many people North and South considered slavery an undesirable institution, but by the 1840s the militant abolitionists went much further and declared that owning a slave was a terrible sin, and that the institution should be immediately abolished. Southerners bitterly resented this moralistic attack, and also the stereotypical presentation of slave owners as heartless Simon Legrees in the overwhelmingly popular (in the North) book and play by Harriet Beecher Stowe, "Uncle Tom's Cabin" (1852).
It also caused the Democratic Party between the North and South to split, while the new Republican Party fought to end the expansion of slavery. Supporters were sent into Kansas by Abolitionists and proslavery elements in an attempt to settle the issue regarding the expansion of slavery. In the 1850s, Kansas was admitted as a slave state through fraudulent voting after a war by Presid... ... middle of paper ... ...pation Proclamation did not make this same exception. The Emancipation Proclamation proved to be a monumental step during the Civil War. Lincoln was afraid, however, that his proclamation could by annuled by the courts.
The country was faced with a dilemma; should the state be admitted as a free soil state the south would be forced to forfeit their senatorial equilibrium, however allowing the state to have slaves would evoke the wrath of the radical abolitionists in New England. Sectionalism rapidly convulsed the nation as the south bonded together more tightly in defense of slavery, New England turned evermore to radical abolition, and the west remained attached to traditional democratic principles. The debates following the Mexican-American war greatly mirrored the perpetually increasing sectional divide between New Englanders, Westerners, and Southerners due primarily to popular sovereignty, extremists on both sides of the slavery issue, and controversial legislation and provisions. Sectionalism amid New Englanders, Westerners, and Southerners became more predominant after the conclusion of the Mexican-American war due, i... ... middle of paper ... ...ong the various sections of the United States increased. The country, similarly to the democratic party, shattered along sectional lines due to the individual interests of the sections.
Since American’s founding the issue of slavery surfaced many times, resulting in compromises attempting to please both sides. The North believed that slavery was morally corrupt, while those in the South believed that it essential for their livelihood. This dispute was fueled with the nation’s thirst for expansion of new territory as well. As new territory was conquered the question arose whether the new state would be a slave state ... ... middle of paper ... ...and final major issue that resulted in the Civil War being fought was the election of Republican President Lincoln in 1860, which added to the fiery debate and led ultimately to secession among the states. Abraham Lincoln believed and made known that he thought that “slavery was an evil… that [every man] had the right to freedom and fruits of their labor” (PowerPoint).
Therefore, according to Americans in the years prior to the Civil War, conflict was inevitable. As a central figure in the Republican Party and passionate advocate for anti-slavery, William Henry Seward characterized the conflict between the Southern Democrats and Northern Republicans as inevitable. Each political party had two radically different ideologies regarding the expansion of slavery into western territories. The Southern Democrats believed that slavery should exist in all western states while the Northern Republicans strongly disagreed. Similar to the ideologies of the Republicans, Seward believed that slavery was unjust and humans were granted the r... ... middle of paper ... ...ry as inhumane and against universal suffrage.
This major controversy over the runaway slaves sparked the beginning of the Civil War. The northerners felt that slavery was an act that was in opposition to the United States Constitution. The Constitution states that all people were entitled to their basic rights, to which the suspected runaway slaves were being denied. It was known that some blacks in the North were free, yet they were still being accused of being a runaway during this time of chaos.