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Immigraton in the U.S.

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Immigration in the U.S.

While immigration has played an important role in the building

and formation of America, new federal laws have resulted in mass

immigration. “America was primarily founded on immigrants,

however, immigration must be controlled legally, and immigrants

should be treated equally despite what country they come from.

America has the most liberal laws towards immigrants than any other

country.” Luis Barker, Chief Patrol Agent In-Charge, US Border Patrol,

El Paso, TX. Throughout history, Congress has enacted laws and has

had to amend them to control the flow of both legal and illegal

migration to the United States.

In 1948, legislation was first enacted in an effort to control the

number of applicants fleeing persecution; it permitted 205,000

refugees to enter the United States. In 1952, Congress set in place

major regulations setting parameters and quotas mostly for the

eastern hemisphere and leaving the western hemisphere unrestricted.

In 1953, congress was again faced with having to increase the

number of refugees from 205,000 to 415,000. In order to qualify as a

refugee one must have a well founded fear of persecution, not be

firmly resettled in a third country, and must not be an aggravated

felon. In 1965, the national origin’s quota system was abolished but

still maintained was the principle of numerical by establishing

170,000 hemispheric and 20,000 per country ceilings and a seven

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category preference system. This system included the spouses of

lawful resident aliens, brother and sisters of United States citizens,

skilled and unskilled workers. To present date spouses and minor

children of US citizens are exempt any quota system. In 1980, the

refugee act removed them from the preference category and

established clear criteria and procedures for their admission. In

1986, Congress was faced with yet another national crisis which it

attempted to resolve by enacting the Immigration Reform and Control

Act (IRCA). IRCA was considered to be the most comprehensive act

which was to grant amnesty to those who had resided in the US

illegally since January 1, 1982, (2) created sanctions against persons

and companies that hired illegal aliens, (3) created the a new

classification of temporary agriculture and granted...

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...9,219,

Jamaicans, 9,887. According to reports by the US Border Patrol, 2,000

Cubans have arrived since October 1, 1998.

Since it’s enactment in 1965, The Cuban Adjustment Act has

fundamentally treated Cuban nationals differently than any other

national. This law provides Cuban nationals a “safe haven”, no

questions asked, do as you please in America. It is believed that the

Cuban nationals are fleeing a government of persecution, but in my

opinion, they are fleeing a government in economic shambles.

Despite the fact that their country is economically inept they

should be treated as any other person that comes to the country

illegally. Nonetheless, as soon as Cubans set foot on American soil

they are granted with employment authorization, can adjust their

status to lawful permanent status (green card) within a year, can

apply for US citizenship within five years, and government assistance

(welfare). All of these benefits without really knowing about their

backgrounds. For instance, a mass murderer in Cuba could set foot

on US soil and based on a honor system interview conducted by INS,

the person must be admitted.