Immigration to Australia

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Immigration to Australia


Australia is often described as one of the ‘classical countries of immigration’.

The concept of being a ‘nation of immigrants’ is at the center of Australian identity.

Australia is a unique country, and it has a long history of population growth due to

immigration. Australia is a young country and has not fully developed. It is commonly

called “The Land of Opportunity.” This paper will discuss the history of immigration,

the history of the immigration policy, the economic, social and cultural, and the

population impacts of immigration to Australia.

The History-Immigration to Australia

The history of immigration to Australia started before 1770. The first human

inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines. The word Aborigine is derived from Latin

and means “from the beginning”. This is not the name that the Aborigine people called

themselves; they prefer Koori, and the name Aborigine was given to the native

Australians by the Europeans. It is a mystery of how they came to Australia around

60,000 years ago, however, they may have walked and sailed there from Asia. They are

dark-skinned people belonging to the Australoid group. The Aborigines were nomadic

hunter-gathers. They roamed from place to place, gathering fruits, nuts and yams, which

they ate. They were hunters who used spears and boomerangs to kill animals. “There

were around 300,000 aborigines in about 250 tribal groups before the first white settlers

came to Australia.” ( Each group had its own territory, traditions

beliefs and language. The Aborigine people were the first Australians, the first human

inhabitants of Australia.

The first encounter with settlers was called the “First ...

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Department of Immigration and Ethnic Affairs, 1996, Fact Sheet 33: Immigration-Key

Statistics Canberra, DIEA.

Bureau of Immigration and Population Research, 1993, ‘Asia Pacific Migration to

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