Atkinson, A & Fraser B 1997, The Macquire encyclopedia of Australian events, revised edn, The Macquire Library, Sydney. Pincus, j & Hugo, G 2012, ‘The issue in brief’, Pincus, J & Hugo, G (eds), A greater Australia: population, policies and governance, the committee for economic development of Australia, Melbourne, pp. 6-14. Robertson, P 2008, recourse based or resource cursed? A brief history of the Australian economy since 1901, Australian Government n.d, our people, , viewed 29th march 2014.
Australian Immigration and Its Effects Australia is an island continent which is geographically isolated from the rest of the world. This has resulted in the evolution of many unique plants and animals and the development of a very fragile ecosystem. This ecosystem has been influenced by human immigration for many thousands of years. The original immigrants were the Aborigines who are thought to have migrated to Australia from Asia between 50 and 100 thousand years ago. These primitive people learned to live in the inhospitable environment of Australia with very little effect.
(Compton Encyclopedia) The first people to inhabit Australia were called Australian Aborigines they inhabited Australia for tens of thousands of years before the Europeans arrived. They lived in a hunter gatherer society and were somewhat nomadic. When the Europeans began arriving the Aborigines began to die due to foreign diseases, land loss, and conflicts with settlers. The Aborigines were not treated the same as Europeans until the 1960s when they started to receive voting rights, and the assimilation policy was forcibly removed. Aboriginal culture is increasingly recognized as an integral par... ... middle of paper ... ...embrace their history.
Then, in 1770, English explorer James Cook “discovered” Australia in a very similar fashion as Columbus “discovered” America, looking for trade routes.2 16 years after Cook became aware of the continent, the British government decided to begin colonizing Australia with transport convicts that were no longer being accepted in America due to the Revolutionary War. Although the government claimed its directive to establish a convict colony in Botany Bay was purely a response to the loss of the American colonies, many had already begun to speculate the strategic choice of Australia. The natural resources in Australia held great potential, and as more people – not just convicts – began... ... middle of paper ... ...ferences 1.Moore, Geoff (Ed.). “Australian Aborigines: History, Culture, Research Project.” http://www.aaa.com.au/hrh/aboriginal/factshtindex.shtml. Accessed 12/11/2000, Online.
The New York Times 20 July 1995, late ed.:A4. Swain, Tony. A Place for Strangers: Towards a History of Australian Aboriginal Being. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Trigger, David S. Whitefella Comin': Aboriginal responses to colonialism in northern Australia.
Australian Aborigines Until this paper, I never even knew there was such a word as “Aborigine” let alone it being a race of people dating back to the prehistoric times. I thought that all Australians were of Anglo decent, but I was wrong about that assumption. The Aborigines were the first and only inhabitants of Australia, until the late 18th century when European settlers came. Because of the Europeans, the Aborigines lives would change drastically. In this paper, I am going to talk about the Aborigines, describing their origins up to the present.
Most likely, the Aborigines lived in the same surroundings as the Australian megafauna. These megafauna are several large animal species that used to live in Australia 100.000 to 50.000 years ago, but are now extinct. The animals are characterized as species with an approximate body mass bigger than 30 kilograms. Aborigines originally lived as hunter-gatherers. They mainly hunted for animals on their land to feed them.
In 1770 Captain James Cook landed in Botany Bay, claiming Australia for Britain and signaling the beginning of a flood of Europeans into the continent. Britain at this time operated under a policy of "terra nullis," regarding new territories. Under this policy, if the land in question was not being farmed, grazed or actively developed in some way, it was considered uninhabited and free for colonization, regardless of any native peoples (Broome 26). Thus Captain Cook and Britain were able to justify claiming Australia while knowing fully that the Abo... ... middle of paper ... ...ponsible for the actions of the past. This is a perfect illustration of the general attitudes towards Aborigines today.
The Changing Nature of Aboriginal and Non-aboriginal Relations in Australia from 1946-2000 Since the arrival of Europeans the Aboriginal population has suffered in terms of status, wealth, health and sense of identity. Although there have been steps towards reconciliation there is still a long way to go until Indigenous Australians enjoy the same status as non-indigenous Australians. A referendum was made in 1967, it was a hallmark in Aboriginal history. It was the beginning of the righting of the wrongs that had been committed against the Australian indigenous population since the arrival of white settlers. The referendum was the first time that Aboriginal people were fully acknowledged as Australian citizens.
Environmental concerns and international migration. The International Migration Review, 30(1), 105. Retrieved July 7, 2010, from Academic Research Library. Mulvany, C., & Caroll, L. (2003). We came to Australia looking for jobs and education.