Immigration And The Quota System

2475 Words10 Pages
Nikita Mullick AP US History Semester 2 Exam May 31, 2016 Immigration and the Quota System Immigration is a major part of what defines America. Today, more than 42.4 million Americans are immigrants. These immigrants were allowed to come to America because of a certain established immigration policy, particularly the Immigration Act of 1965. The Immigration Act of 1965 continues to dominate US immigration policy even today. This Act was created at the same time of the Civil Rights Movement where minorities fought for their voice and sparked much controversy. While some people reacted negatively at the passing of the Act, many people thought of the 1965 Immigration Act as a part of the Civil Rights Movement since it abolished the Quota System. The Quota System limited the number of foreign - born immigrants entering the United States and categorized people based on their nationality, their racial identity, and their ancestral heritage. With the Quota System, the number of immigrants allowed into America was different for each country. Although the Immigration Act of 1965 faced conservative backlash after it was established, the Act has created an increasingly diverse demographic by abolishing the National Origins Quota System and establishing a new and fair immigration policy. Immigration became a very popular topic for debate in the 1900s. Nativism and many anti-immigrant organizations began to emerge as people became more apprehensive towards immigrants. They did not like that immigrants were competing with them in the work industry. In addition, Americans wished to isolate themselves from Europeans and other foreign countries after World War I. Warren G. Harding in the presidential election of 1920 proposed the idea of “Retur... ... middle of paper ... ...US. There was and still is a rate of 1 million people coming into the US per year. The Act became more democratic after an amendment was set in place in 1978 that created a united worldwide quota of 290,000 without taking into consideration which hemisphere an immigrant was from. While many people perceive that majority of US immigrants came from Europe after the Act was passed, most immigrants actually came from Asia and Latin America. This is because Europe has become increasingly industrialized and fewer people wish to leave the advanced European countries. During the years 1901 to 1920, 86% of US immigrants were Europeans, while from 1980 to 1993, the number is a meager 13%. On the other hand, Asians comprised of 4% of the immigrants in 1901 to 1920. However, from 1980 to 1993, this number grew to 39%. The law also promised to reunify immigrated family members.

More about Immigration And The Quota System

Open Document