Naturally, ... ... middle of paper ... ...as created to get slaves who run to the north back to the south, without trial of jury. The reason was that the Judge was paid to show unfairness, to side with the south rather than the suffering individual. This angered the north and their belief towards slavery, so they created another law which replaced the Fugitive Slave Law, it was called the “personal liberty” laws. The Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 were two acts that tried to solve the problems between the note and the south. However, the political action that the north took caused the creation of the “personal liberty” laws, which oddly changed north’s perspective towards slavery.
The citizens would vote to be a free state, and this why the Southern politicians did not like Taylor 's plan, and this is what worried them. They were also worried that one-day slave states would be outnumbered by the free ones. There were five key components to The Compromise of 1850. The first was that California would enter the Union as a free state. Second, the land that was won during the Mexican-American War they would divide into two territories.
In an attempt to keep peace between the South and the North, the Missouri Compromise was passed. The compromise would allow Missouri to enter the union as a slave state, and Maine as a free state; keeping the number of states pro-slavery and anti-slavery even. However, the compromise did not accomplish everything that congress had hoped. The Missouri Compromise was a poor attempt to end the dispute over slavery in America because it did not please the Southern or Northern states, was unconstitutional, and contributed to the civil war. The Missouri Compromise was an effort to preserve the balance of power between pro-slavery states, and anti-slavery states.
Another solution to this problem was created by Henry Clay called the Missouri Compromise. This would allow Missouri to be slave state, but would enter Maine as a free state to balance the number of slave and free states. It also restricted slavery north of 36 30’ latitude which was Missouri’s southern border. Congress approved, and passed the Missouri Compromise in 1820. The states were balanced, but this compromise was a factor for the civil war because the North was still against the expansion of slavery.
However, at the same time northern settlers were moving to the territory to try and keep it a free state. Although Kansas was closer to the north and was more likely to enter as a free state it was next to Missouri, a slave state. Since Kansas was next to a slave state the south thought that it had a chance to enter as a slave state. With popular sovereignty being the new pol... ... middle of paper ... ...m, while the south, pro slavery, thought the federal government was controlling them and limiting their states’ rights. The addition of the western territories into the United States played a large role in the coming civil war at the time.
The Missouri Compromise of 1820 triggered a negative reaction from both sides: the abolitionists despised the expansion of slavery in Missouri, while supporters of slavery desired more land than Missouri that allow... ... middle of paper ... ...weighed it options and each statem, one-by-one, seceded, in the hopes that slavery would be preserved. Eventually slavery did die out and the southern states were once again apart of the union, but not without a civil war. Ultimately the North and South’s differences could not be resolved through anything other than a Civil War. These causes, as well as others, left the South no other viable option, in their eyes, than to secede from the union, leading to the Civil War. Political, societal, and philosophical conflicts combined with one another to form the ultimate disagreement over slavery between the two regions.
One of these reasons was the fall of the Whig Party. The Whigs opposed annexations because they threatened the harmony of the sections. The Whigs were too divided, this lead to them not being able to answer back to the Democrats attempts to bring back the manifest issue in 1854. The Kansas- Nebraska Act wreaked havoc; this act would allow slavery in areas where it had never been permitted before. This act was supported by Southerners which lead to the North becoming more worried about ending slavery.
Slavery was the main cause of increasing political strain in the 1850s. The slavery issue was mainly about whether the system of slavery was an obsolete evil that was unacceptable with Republicanism in the United States, or a state-based possessions structure protected by the Constitution. Those against slavery argued to stop the expansion of slavery, which would ultimately put an end to it. However, the Southern states who owned slaves thought this denied some of their Constitutional rights. The matter of slavery escalated during the 1850s, even after comprises in 1820 and 1850.
In fact it merely 'papered over the crack', and did not prove, as Daniel Webster a Clay supporter had hoped, 'a finality that would give peace to a country long distracted by the quarrel over slavery'. Why did the Compromise ultimately fail, and lead to polarization, featuring a party, which had begun to establish itself in the 1820s. The conflict between the North and South stemmed back to 1846, when the U.S.A won a huge area of Mexican territory as the result of what became known as the Mexican War. The land acquired revived controversy over the extension of slavery, as many Northerners wanted the new territory to become a free state with no slavery, and many Southerners wanted slavery to expand. Numerous compromises were conceded, to try to resolve the sectional conflict, for example the Wilmot Proviso of 1846 attempted to exclude slavery from any territory gained as a result of the war.
For Southern politicians the Kansas- Nebraska Act would help the extension of slavery which most of the Northerners were against. Ignoring the wishes of the Northerners and pushing the Democratic agenda which wanted not only the continuation of slavery in the Southern states, but for the expansion of slavery to Western parts of the country, played into the fears of the Northerners that believed the power of the Slavery-holding elites was reaching into Northern states. Although Douglass’s agenda may have been to unite the North and South with his transcontinental railroad and ease the growing sectional rift within the American political arena with is idea of popular sovereignty, his bill convinced non-Democratic Northern party factions to join together and oppose the Democratic power in American politics. The non-democratic parties that join forces were the Free-soilers, Anti- Nebraska Whigs, Anti- Nebraska Democrats, Nativist groups and Abolitionists. These groups created the Republican Party.