18 (1976) 114-27. Lieber, Todd M. "Ralph Ellison and the Metaphor of Invisibility in Black Literary Tradition." American Quarterly. Mar. 1972: 86-100.
Winesburg, Ohio Text and Criticism. Ed. John H. Ferres. New York : The Viking Press, 1966. 432-443.
"Reconsidering Invisible Man." The Critical Review. 18 (1976). Lieber, Todd M. "Ralph Ellison and the Metaphor of Invisibility in Black Literary Tradition." American Quarterly.
Gale Research Inc., 1993. Native Sons A Critical Study of Twentieth-Century Negro American Writers. Philadelphia: J. V. Lippincott Company, 1968. “Richard Nathaniel Wright 1908-1960.” Discovering Authors. Gale Research Inc., 1993.
272 - 290. Perception of Black: African American Visual Art and the Black Arts Movement. University of Virginia. 28 Nov. 2004. http://xroads.virginia.edu/~UG01/hughes/blackart/html Smith, David Lionel. “The Black Arts Movement and Its Critics.” American Literary History.
Kuala Lumpur: Heinemann Asia, 1976. Gates, Henry L., Jr. ed. Black Literature and Literary Theory. New York: Methuen, 1984. Hersey, John, ed.
Modern Black Poets; a Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1973. Print. Maxwell, William J., and Joseph Valente. "Metrocolonial Capitals of Renaissance Modernism: Dublin's 'New Ireland' and Harlem's 'Mecca of the New Negro."
Shorter 11th ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2004. 231-32. Wallace, Maurice O. “Constructing the Black Masculine: Identity and Ideality in African American Men’s Literature and Culture, 1775-1995.” Academic Journal.
“History as Blues: Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man.” Native Sons: A Critical Study of Twentieth-Century Negro American Authors. J.B. Lippincott Company, 1968. 127-148. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism.