The first step in the process is the ovarian stimulation. This step involves drugs. The hormone that’s taken over 8-14 days, fuels and stimulates the ovaries to produce more than one egg each cycle (The In Vitro Process). IVF requires several eggs because there is a chance that some eggs might not develop fine after fertilization. After that, the doctor will use ultrasound or he will test the blood in order to decide when it is necessary for him to take out the eggs.
IVF stands for in vitro fertilization which mean ‘’in lab conception’’, or “out of the body conception”. This is the process in which matured eggs and sperm, either from a donor or the parents, are combined in a petri dish in the hopes of fertilization. This process enables couples who have fertility problems to have the chance to have children, but should it be used to choose the gender of your unborn baby? IVF can be expensive, time-consuming, invasive and mentally and emotionally tiring but it is a procedure that is often used by couples wishing to start a family but are infertile for one reason or another, whether the fallopian tubes are blocked, or when male infertility cannot be overcome by with Intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatment.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a procedure in which an egg (oocyte) from a woman’s ovaries is removed and separately fertilized with male sperm in a laboratory before being implanted into the woman’s fallopian tubes. 1 2 The first stage of IVF is called superovulation. Follicles are structures within which the oocyte develops, in order to retrieve multiple follicles several hormone and drug combinations are administered. Consequently, the ovary stops function and allows the follicles to ripen at the same time when stimulated therefore providing an increased number of eggs to harvest. Follicles are considered mature after 8 to 9 days and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is administered which enables the final maturation of the oocytes.3 Oocyte retrieval occurs through a procedure called ultrasound guided vaginal retrieval.
Pregnancy There are a number of things that must fall into place in order to have a baby. The creation of a human being requires the right environment, the right factors, the right timing, and a great deal of luck. The first step occurs when an egg cell from a woman unites with a sperm cell from a man to form an embryo the beginnings of a human being. This process is called conception. After conception comes the process of fertilization, which is the process in which sperm cells must be present in the woman's reproductive tract at the time the egg enters the fallopian tube.
The process for in vitro fertilization involves stimulating multiple follicles and eggs to develop over time. There are 5 steps in this process stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilizing the eggs in the laboratory, culturing the embryo, and embryo transfer to the uterus (A.D.A.M Board, 2012). In the stimulation process both partners perform screening test. Before injection, the female should have a testing of “ovarian reserve”. The medication is given to help ripen the eggs to start a process called ovulation.
The second step involves the collection of the egg. This step occurs within 36 hours of the HCG injection. Using an ultrasound as a guide, a small needle connected to a suction device is inserted through the vagina. This needle then collects the eggs and fluid out of the sac (follicle) (see figure 2). Step three involves the fertilisation and insemination process.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a procedure that offers hope to couples who otherwise are unable to conceive. This process is important to infertile couples because it gives them another chance of conceiving a child. In order for normal pregnancy to occur, an egg is released from an ovary and unites with a sperm in a fallopian tube. However, during the process of IVF, this union occurs in a laboratory after both eggs and sperm have been collected. The fertilized egg is then transferred into the uterus to continue growth.
Children that are a result of IVF treatment are commonly refered to as, 'test tube baies,' - a reference ... ... middle of paper ... ...s typically recruited by egg donor agencies. Once the egg donor is recruited, she undergoes the IVF stimulation therapy, followed by the egg retrieval procedure. After retrieval, the ova are handed over to the recipient couple, fertilized by the sperm of the male partner in the laboratory, and after several days, the resulting embryo(s) is placed in the uterus of the recipient. Embryo donation is another form of fertility treatment. This is where both the egg and the sperm come from donors.
However, conception can take place a very important step must occur within the female body. During puberty a girl receives a period once a month. A period begins when diminished levels of estrogen and progesterone in your blood prompt your uterus to shed the lining. If a woman does not conceive a fertilized, menstruation occurs. For a pregnancy to occur a mature egg and a male’s sperm must enter the halo like membrane that surrounds the egg.
The fetus is easily removed with instruments and suction. In the last trimester of the pregnancy abortions are preformed mainly if the woman’s life is in danger or the fetus is severely deformed. Only one out of every ten thousand abortions are preformed this way. The main way that is used is by injecting a salt solution into the vagina, causing contractions. The baby is then born stillbirth (Epner 724).