INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN THE OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES

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INTRODUCTION Under general terms, international migration represents any cross border movement by people from one country to another as a result of personal, economic and/or political motives. The personal motives for migration range from having better education opportunities to seeking a mild climate for a better life standard. The economic motives for international migration which especially gained speed after the Industrial Revolution are centred on finding jobs offering better wages and work conditions. The political motives for international migration due to increasing instabilities within nations have made migratory flows increase since the 20th century in which mankind happened to see the First and Second World Wars and many other regional clashes. The purpose of this OIC Outlook is to depict the international migration in the OIC Member Countries. The presentation is based on the data from the World Development Indicators (WDI) Database and “Migration and Remittances Factbook 2008” of the World Bank, and OECD.Stat Extracts. INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION STOCK In 2005, the total international migration stock (IMS) reached approximately 195 million people from 84 million in 1970, representing an increase of about 131%. While the OIC Member Countries as a group accounted for 19% of the total IMS in 1970, this share in 2005 was 23%, equivalent to a 4-percentage-point growth from 1970. The OIC IMS as a proportion of the Developing Countries IMS recorded a 13-percentage-point growth from nearly 35% in 1970 to 48% in 2005. The Developing and Developed Countries IMS relative to the total IMS was 54% and 46% in 1970 versus 48% to 52% in 2005, respectively. While the Developing Countries IMS in the total IMS decreased by 6 percentage... ... middle of paper ... ...h Africa, Europe and Central Asia, and South Asia with 6.14, 2.95 and 0.94 percentage point falls respectively; the ratio increase in the OIC Member Countries in East Asia and the Pacific as a group was 1.12 percentage points from 1995 to 2005 (Figure 9). Figure 9: Refugee Population by Country/Territory of Asylum as a % of International Migration Stock in the OIC Member Countries per Geographic Regions, 1995 vs. 2005 Source: World Bank, WDI Online Works Cited 1. World Bank, World Development Indicators Database, http://ddp-ext.worldbank.org/ext/DDPQQ/member.do?method=getMembers&userid=1&queryId=6 2. Migration and Remittances Factbook 2008, World Bank, 2008 3. OECD, OECD.Stats Extracts, http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx 4. UNHCR, http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c125.html 5. http://actrav.itcilo.org/actrav-english/telearn/global/ilo/seura/migworld.htm

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