Washington pushed for Blacks to accept their racial discrimination until they had proven themselves through hard work and self help (PBS.org). It is common to refer to knowledge as power; if you prove to someone that you are intellectually equal or superior there, can be no further debate. That is why Du Bois’ push for higher education and political action were the means to equal citizenship for Blacks in a White supremacist America. Booker T. Washington was born a slave in Virginia in 1865. Washington experienced first hand the atrocities that African-Americans were facing, living an unimaginable childhood in which he did not own a pair of shoes until the age of eight (Moore 16).
waterford: s.n. pbs.org, 2013. Fugitive Slaves and Northern Racism. [Online] Available at: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4narr3.html [Accessed 07 12 2013]. richmond.edu, 2009.
The Brown v. Board of Education case was a start of many that began to transform American Democracy. African-Americans soon realized that they had to do something if they wanted to gain their rights back. They saw that they all had the responsibility to fight back against the government’s decision of de jure segregation. Many saw that they had to use the path of civil disobedience as portrayed through Martin Luther King Jr., but the rise of Black Nationalism made many people around the country forget that they had a responsibility as a people. Militant groups and leaders such as the Black Panther Party and Malcolm X started riots and “rebellions” that not only showed that they were very serious about gett... ... middle of paper ... ...journey on the road to integration when they first stepped foot on the American continent, but now had earned their right to be treated equally with their white brethren.
Nonviolence was the most effective method in bringing social change in America during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement because it attracted sympathy towards Black people, provoked positive media attention, and promoted unity among African Americans. The use of violence during the Civil Rights Movement proved to be ineffective because it furthered social tensions between Whites and Blacks. The people who generated violence were mainly the Black Panthers advocating Black Power. Black Power called for nationality, unity, self-pride, self-defense and the separation from the White race (Blumberg 9). The idea of separation of the White race competed with integration since Black Power wanted “African Americans to establish their own ... ... middle of paper ... ... Smith.
In 1968 and 1969, The Panthers’ were perceived as a threat to the federal government whom effectively disband the organization by creating ways to stop them. Huey P. Newton said, “Black people must control the destiny of their community. Because Black people desire to determine their own destiny, they are constantly inflicted with brutality from the oc... ... middle of paper ... ...on, the Black Panthers was an unforgettable movement that causes destruction to gain the success and put a positive impact in the communities and has immensely changed the lives of African Americans to this day. The members of the Black Panthers took an oath to take a stand against the oppression that was created by the Caucasian race to gain revolutionary freedom, opportune equality, and the demand to bring racism to a halt. Works Cited Bloom, Joshua and Waldo E. Martin.