I Chose Option A Of A Dog

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Section One My participants name is Alisha, she is a female, and she is one year and eight months old. I completed the observation on March 1st, 2015. Due to Alisha’s age, I chose Option A: Object Permanence and Self-recognition. Section Two The observations were done in Alisha’s home in her living room, on the floor. For task one there were five tests in total. Test number one was to find a toy that caught the attention of the child and then hide it behind a large object. I used her blue teddy bear as the toy, and a large piece of cardboard to hide it behind. For test two, while the toy was in Alisha’s view, I dropped it behind a lazy boy so it would no longer be visible. During test three, I hid most of the teddy bear under a blanket but left out one of the arms. For test four, I completely hid the toy under the blanket, so it wasn’t in sight. For the final test, I hid the toy under the blanket multiple times and then hid the toy under a new blanket that was similar in size and had the old blanket still present next to the new one. For task two I used some pink lipstick on my finger and made a dot on Alisha’s nose and then placed the mirror in front of her face so she could see the dot. Section Three Since Alisha is almost two years old, I expect her to be in the final substage of sensorimotor, the primary technique for this substage is the beginning of mental representation. I anticipate that she will be able to get through both tasks because she’s almost two years old and because I know her mom spends a lot of time developing her cognitive skills. According to Boyd, Johnson and Bee (2012), in substage six infants can develop solutions to their problems simply by thinking about it, and therefore, make fewer errors in the proce... ... middle of paper ... ...d to shake things and put objects in their mouth, and then by age two infants begin to participate in constructive play (p. 183). However, Alisha already engages in constructive play; she loves to build things, and she turned her attention to her building blocks instead of her teddy bear a few times. In Piaget’s theory, it is stated that by two years old object permanence is developed, and based on my observations I completely agree. Alisha was very aware that objects continue to exist even when they are no longer visible. Boyd, Johnson and Bee (2012), discuss Freud’s psychosexual theory, where pleasure centres on the mouth, this includes activities like sucking, chewing, and vocalizing (p. 34). According to Freud, Alisha would be in the oral stage, and from my observations I think Freud is correct, she communicates quite well and enjoys putting things in her mouth.
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