Hypertension Essay

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This paper explores the chronic condition hypertension. Hypertension (HTN) is the medical word for high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the motion of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as it flows through them. The arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body. The greater the pressure the blood exerts on the artery walls, the greater the blood pressure is (Wright, Norris, & Newton, 2014). The size of small arties contribute to blood pressure, thus when the muscular walls of arteries are dilated meaning they are relaxed, the pressure of the blood flowing through them is lower than when the artery walls constrict. Blood pressure is highest when the heart beats to pump blood out into…show more content…
Hypertension occurs when blood pressure remains higher than what is consider normal for an extended period of time (Odle & Atkins, 2012). According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, a normal blood pressure for adults consists of a systolic pressure below 120 mmHg and a diastolic pressure below 80 mmHg. Abnormal blood pressure falls into three stages, prehypertension which is not yet consider hypertension with a systolic pressure between 120-139 mmHg and a diastolic pressure between 80-89 mmHg. Hypertension stage 1 with a systolic pressure between 140-149 mmHg and a diastolic pressure between 90-99 mmHg, and hypertension stage 2 with a systolic pressure between 160 mmHg or higher and a diastolic pressure of 100 mmHg or higher. It is normal for blood pressure to change throughout the day such as while sleeping and waking up or while nervous or exited, as well as when doing certain activities such as exercising. However, individuals with hypertension will remain in a state of high blood pressure even after lack of stimuli…show more content…
However, a small percentage of people will experience some or all the following symptoms, blurred vision, severe headaches, dizziness, fainting episodes and difficult or painful breathing (Wexler & Frey, 2013). Individuals with symptoms will often seek medical help before the chronic condition causes severe damage. Unfortunately, most individuals do not become aware of their condition until after serious damage has occurred resulting in severe complications. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute the following are some common
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