Hypertension Essay

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INTRODUCTION
There is a great nutritional issue of concern among elderly in Botswana, for instance hypertension, dental caries, osteoporosis, stroke, diabetes and others. Hypertension which is also known as high blood pressure is one of the leading lifestyle diseases, and it affects men more than women in many developing countries Botswana included. Furthermore hypertension is a challenge as it takes time to be diagnosed and can only be checked by health professionals. Hypertension is classified into primary and secondary, the primary hypertension is inherited or caused by lifestyle while the secondary one is mostly related to endocrine system.
Hypertension has been called “the silent killer” because it is deadly and has no significant early symptoms and it does not cause symptoms for many years until a vital organ in the body is damaged. Which means people cannot feel the physical effect of high blood pressure, but it can affect the quality of life and end it within a short period of time. According to (Ellie Whitney & Rady Rolfes, 2011) the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in American adults increases with age from 8% and 16%, respectively for women and men in 20-39 age group, then to 38% for both women and men in the 40-59 age group. Blood pressure is regarded high when it is 140/90 mmHg and when it is 120mm (systolic) over 80 mmHg (diastolic) it is normal.
Most of the elderly are not aware that hypertension can be caused by some foods that one eats and can also be prevented nutritionally (Bhagat,2009) .This lead to most of the people being affected by the disease due to lack of knowledge.
According to (Horacio J. Adrogué, 2007) “Hypertension affects approximately 25% of the adult population worldwide, and its prevale...

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...d emotional health, for example, losing weight ,not smoking, staying active ,reducing salt and fat from our diet eating foods rich in fibre, calcium, potassium and vitamin C and drinking alcohol in moderation all the above are said to effectively reduce high blood pressure alone. Exercises recommended for elderly patients include moderate exercises, swimming , dancing, walking and bowling.
CONCLUSIONS
Hypertension is an illness that affect elderly across the world, and it most affect women more than man, this is because women are mostly affected because of pregnancy, birth controls and menopause. Hypertension is “the silent killer” because in most cases it does not cause symptoms for many years until a vital organ in the body is damaged, furthermore it can be controlled by reducing salt intake, and increase physical activity and eating fruits and vegetables.

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