Hypertension And High Blood Pressure

1545 Words7 Pages
Hypertension Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood moving through the vessels (Hawthorn, 2008). The harder the force the higher the pressure is against the blood vessel walls. High blood pressure can be a dangerous condition since there are usually no symptoms and there can be long term cardiovascular damage. The chance of a stroke or heart attack is much more likely. According to WebMD the number of people with high blood pressure has doubled since 1975 and every year approximately 7.5 million people die from it (Web MD, 2016). Education, lifestyle, and dietary changes are necessary to lower blood pressure and possibly reverse the damage done to the cardiovascular system. High blood…show more content…
The damage to the arteries with plaque buildup and hardening can cause a clot to block the vessel and can cause tissue death resulting in a heart attack or stroke. The pressure can also cause a bulge in a weak spot in a vessel resulting in an aneurism or a bleed which could be fatal (University, 2008). Elevated blood pressure can also cause heart failure. The heart has to work much harder with high blood pressure causing the heart to develop thicker walls. The extra work and thicker walls can cause the heart to not be able to keep up resulting in heart failure (Mayo Clinic, 2016). Hypertension can harm the kidneys since the blood vessels in the kidneys are fragile and can be easily damaged. Generally diagnosis for hypertension is made after several doctor visits with a reading of 140/90 or above, however, an ambulatory blood pressure monitor may be sent home with the client to monitor the fluctuating blood pressure over a period of time, usually 24 hours. Urine and blood tests are done to check for kidney disease, possible diabetes, heart disease, and cholesterol testing. Lipid panels and CBC tests are possible. A referral to a cardiologist is possible. The doctor may order an electrocardiogram and an

More about Hypertension And High Blood Pressure

Open Document