Hybrids do not use as much gas as the ol... ... middle of paper ... ...o an electric outlet to recharge the vehicle while it is parked. One great thing about this hybrid is the ability to travel in all electric mode for most short trips. This conserves the gas in the gasoline engine for longer drives. This feature helps boost fuel economy into 100 mpg territory. Not only is the Volt a plug-in hybrid, but so are the Ford Fusion Energi, Toyota Prius, and Honda Accord.
The electric motor is coupled to the wheels through gears; it converts 59-60% of electrical energy into the wheels. The battery runs the motor which allows the car to move. Electric cars are necessary as they will save money, because electricity is cheaper than gas. Also electric vehicles will help reduce global warming and pollution. However, some people say that electric cars still have environmental costs.
These cars operate from a rechargeable battery and gasoline. The engines are smaller so that they will be able to accommodate the 99% of time when the car is not going uphill or accelerating quickly. The battery is used to give extra acceleration power if needed. When the car is stopped, hybrid gasoline motors can shut off and run off their electric motor and battery. These cars are aerodynamic and the tires are often stiffer and inflated higher to reduce dragging.
Hybrid car is controlled by a computer program. It decides how many gasoline the car should use and when the electric motor will be turned on. Although hybrid car has smaller gasoline engine than conventional car, it can achieve the same performance because of the assistant of the electric motor. Moreover, the smaller engine has better technology that reduces emission and increases efficiency. The computer has a major role in determining on how much power the car needs from the electric motor.
The Toyota Prius is one of the hybrid cars that displays for the driver, all of this information. Cars usually have to accelerate and gently break to get better mileage, but a hybrid car only has to accelerate enough so the electric engine is used to get better mileage. The hybrid car gives the benefit of having a car running on a gasoline engine with an electric motor which is used for acceleration. This special electric motor can recharge by using the kinetic energy that is generated during braking. The gasoline engine in a hybrid car is very fuel efficient.
This results in twice the fuel economy of gas vehicles. These hybrid electric vehicles consume fewer natural resources than gas vehicles and produce almost no emission fumes compared to the standard gas vehicle. Hybrid cars are one solution to preserving air quality for the future. Hybrid electric cars were created because of the shortfall in battery technology. The batteries that were being made could not produce enough power.
A hybrid car with parallel configurations uses both an engine and a motor to drive the wheels depending on driving conditions. "A hybrid car is an automotive equipped with two or more sources of motive energy" (http://www.howstuffworks.com/hybrid-car1.htm). Hybrid cars use both gas and electric. The gasoline engine is the primary source of power, while the electric motor is used at low speeds. Emissions levels are reduced because the gasoline engine shuts off at low speeds.
The battery powers the electric motor and can take over the operation of the vehicle from the gasoline engine. At times in a hybrid car, the gasoline engine will turn off completely and run on electric only. Because the battery stores energy that would normally be lost in a gasoline engine, the efficiency is increased dramatically. “Only about 15% of the energy from the fuel you put in your tank [in a gasoline vehicle] gets used to move your car down the road or run useful accessories, such as air conditioning. The rest of the energy is lost to engine and driveline inefficiencies and idling” (US Dept of Energy).
One of the biggest reasons besides the increasing millage that the batteries can power the car for is, government incentives that are being given out. Buying a electric car can actually be cheaper that a gasoline powered car right now with all of the incentives that drive down the price of these cars which makes them more affordable. Electric vehicles have many differences from a gasoline vehicle including motor, transmission, no exhaust pipe, no fuel lines, and no drive shaft. These vehicles have four main parts which include the controller, motor, batteries, and two potentiometers. The potentiometers (variable resistors) are hooked up to the gas pedal and tell the controller what position the pedal is in so that the controller can tell the motor what speed it should operate at.
Gasoline is the main factor that either makes or breaks the sale of a car. These hybrid cars are environmental friendly and may save some pennies in the pocket but still expensive to buy. There are four types of hybrid cars. The first hybrid car in the list is Parallel hybrid car and series hybrid car. A parallel hybrid car uses both the engine and the electric motor to power the wheels.