Hurricane Hugo's Disaster Recovery

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Governments, the private sector, Non Governmental Organizations and Community Organizations play vital roles in recovery. The essence of a recovery effort is the resources captures to assist, the capability of assistance and other best practices for recovering from a disaster. Rubin and Popkin, (1990) in their report entitled Disaster Recovery after hurricane Hugo in South Carolina thoroughly outline many challenges to which organization and other bodies had face in Hurricane Hugo’s recovery effort. These inefficiencies cause a spiral of increase lost of life, property and livelihood for hundreds of people to which the hurricane affected. Hurricane Hugo was a catastrophe that caused widespread residential damage, extensive lifeline destruction, and enormous timber destruction in South Carolina and was one of the most costly disasters ever experienced in the US in terms of damage to homes, infrastructure and local economies. The media reported accounts of incidents that were serious problems in South Carolina’s response and early recovery efforts which further initiated an exploratory research to gather information about recovery experience in four badly impacted counties and about the state response and recovery actions undertaken. Post hurricane response problems were both organizational and functional. The research reveals significant state deficiencies with state and county emergency capabilities and serious problems in two national disaster response organizations, the Red Cross and FEMA. Another concern was that most emergency management knowledge came from direct experience rather than from existing educational and training programs along with serious mitigation planning problems were found with hurricane. Deepen concerns we... ... middle of paper ... ...r Recovery has become increasingly important and has gained momentum due to the occurrence of rapid and disastrous events worldwide. This literature review presents varied perspectives and definitions on components of the recovery process. The literature specifically highlights the effects of Hurricane Dean on the community of Portland Cottage. The literature relieved that there are resources outside of the government that is available to communities that can assist in the disaster recovery process. In addition, it outlined the government’s role in disaster management in a general and presented the institutional framework as it exists in Jamaica. There are a number of key stakeholders in the disaster recovery process and the roles they played were outlined. These factors and perspectives now determine the basis on which the research and methodology are based.

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