Hunger In Africa

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On a daily basis, first world countries worry about warfare, competing with other nations, and improving technology to better conditions. Despite living in a world where these near ideal countries exist, some nations still struggle with the ability to provide some of the most basic vital needs to its citizens. Africa, home to a plethora of cultures, is one region that has struggled with food security throughout history. Although other countries may overlook leftover food being tossed into landfills, some people, including many Africans, cannot afford such a luxury. These millions of Africans, who live day by day unsure of where their next meal will come from, suffer from a malady of directly related problems. It was estimated in 2010 that…show more content…
Although the waste is not intentional, it still increases the negative effects of hunger faced by millions. Food which could be used to feed millions is thrown away. The Food and Agriculture Organization in 2011 estimated that Africa’s loss of food could have fed “at least 48 million people” (Nforngwa). One reason to why this occurs is because food is not stored nor transported properly. When fruits and vegetables are transported in trucks, they are packed very tightly in order to transport the maximum amount of food. However, this causes fresh produce to become “bruised,” “rotted,” and not suitable for being consumed (Nforngwa). Secondly, food is forced to be discarded because of pest infestations, and climate effects. Many places in Africa do not have the proper storage facilities to keep food fresh. Farmers are then forced to store their food in more traditional barns which do not have air-regulation or containment away from pests. In consequence, insects are able to infest the products, and the harsh, hot, humid climate in Africa takes a devastating toll on the crops. Insects are also wreaking havoc on the food situation by ruining crops before they are even harvested. Throughout the continent, farmers face plant-eating worms and insects. Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Mozambique are three of many countries in Africa that have faced this problem in recent years. Army worms and red…show more content…
Over the past decades, farmers in Africa have been replenishing their soil improperly, which is now causing difficulties with crop yield. Farmers have been depleting their soil of its nutrients and have not used “sufficient quantities of manure or fertilizer to replenish the soil” (Sanchez). This has caused the presence of vital nutrients in the soil such as nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus to not be present in copious of amounts. Without these elements, farmers are not able to maximize their crop yield, preventing the distribution of crops that could be given to someone who is in desperate need of food. In order to resolve this issue, it is necessary that Africans use mineral fertilizers. Other nations have the ability to overcome soil infertility by using this method, however Africans face an additional challenge. The mineral fertilizer costs “two to six times as much as those in Europe, North America, or Asia” (Sanchez). Most farmers does not have enough money in order to pay for the fertilizer, so they are forced to deal with the unfortunate soil conditions, and continue to let the continent suffer from

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