Using the Soviet Thaw as an opportunity to reform the system of government, many countries including Hungary and Czechoslovakia had uprisings against Soviet Rule. The Hungarian Revolution and the Prague Spring were uprisings against the Soviet Union that both ended in defeat with Soviet Union. However, the outcomes for both countries differed in many ways because of the differences in the motives for the uprising, the loss of life and the differences in the leadership of the uprisings. One difference between the Hungarians and the Czechs was the effects of nationalism on the uprisings. Rooted in their history from 1848 Revolution against the Habsburg Empire, the Hungarians sought independence with the death of Stalin.
Following the death of Josef Stalin in 1953, the harsh policies he implemented in not only the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, but also its many satellite nations began to break down. There was a movement to distance all of the socialist nations from Stalin?s sadistic rule. In the Peoples? Republic of Hungary, there was much disillusionment with this Stalinist absolutism (Felkay 50). This disillusionment with the Soviet ideal of socialism lead the people of the fledgeling socialist state of Hungary to rise up in revolt, but ill-preparedness and the strength of the Soviet Red Army put down the insurrection within several days.
Post World War II, Hungary represented most factors of the post-war destruction in Europe. Soon after, the U.S.S.R. liberated many countries, including this one. Much of Europe, once occupied by Nazi Germany, became dominated by Communist Russia and those who fought back were crushed under the iron rule of Joseph Stalin. In February 1943 he assisted budding communist, Matyas Rakosi, in turning Hungary into a Socialist Republic. After Stalin passed away, Eastern European countries made strong efforts to break the tyrannical power of the Soviet Union.
Oppression is at the root of all of the problems people faced in those events and books. In World War I, the Russians revolted against their czar and created a communist country. Czar Nicholas II caused some of the most disastrous and bloody wars Russia had ever seen, so the people wanted him out. I learned that they had success because revolutionaries sought after a common goal, the communist manifesto. Although the new communist reign seemed good for a while, eventually certain members of society edged their way to the top of the pyramid, negating the communist manifesto.
He purged the communist party of Hungary of “Titotists” and forced indoctrination of Stalinism in the educational intuitions throughout Hungary. Hungary was one of the most repressed country sin East Central Europe until 1953 with the death of Josef Stalin. When Josef Stalin died and leadership of the Soviet Union changed to Nika Khrushchev, the period of the soviet thaw had a profound effect on the countries of East Central Europe. Nagy was made Prime Min... ... middle of paper ... ... turn an ask for allies for assistance and to give the impression that the entire Warsaw Pact would not tolerate the reforms by Dubcek. The Czech’s did not have the military power to stand up against the countries of the Warsaw Pact and surrendered the entire reforms of the Dubcek Era.
The forced labor of Russian citizens made Stalin a bad ruler. Stalin once s... ... middle of paper ... ...ecisions of how to dictate Russia resulted in the corruption of his government, and the overall irrational methods of leading the U.S.S.R Works Cited 1, 11- Biography: Joseph Stalin - PBS. http://www.pbs.org/redfiles/bios/all_bio_joseph_stalin.htm. 2,8- Frame, Arthur T., and Spencer C. Tucker. "Joseph Stalin."
The American anti-communist crusade, which followed the end of World War II, reignited a culture of suspicion and fear of communist ideology throughout US society. It began as a consequence of tensions that arose following the expansion of the Soviet state in the post-war world. It drew to an end in December 1954 as the head of the crusade, Senator Joseph McCarthy, was increasingly portrayed as a hysterical bully and therefore lost credibility. The US and USSR were diametrically opposed in relation to the political structure and underpinning values of each society. For America, the Soviet State threatened everything it represented; freedom of speech, religious freedoms and a democratically elected government.
Khrushchev's policy of 'de-Stalinisation' caused problems in many Eastern European Communist countries, where people hated the hard-line Stalinist regimes that Russia had put in place. There was also trouble in Poland in 1956, and Khrushchev had to send in Russian troops. 2. The Hunga... ... middle of paper ... ...th superpowers experienced economic problems. Limitations of détente 1.
The first revolution occurred on February 24-29 and the second occurred on October 24 - 25. The first revolution overthrew the Tsarist government and established a provincial government of Duma members. This first government was doomed from the beginning because of its inability to stop the slaughter of Russian Troops to the Germans and the inability to stop the widespread famine sweeping Russia. On October 24 - 25 the Bolshevik party, under Lenin, led Russian workers and peasants through the USSR's October revolution. The new government resolved to begin construction of a socialist society, but soon encountered extreme obstacles.
The constant pressure from America and the British eventually forced Stalin to end the blockade in 1949. Russia was just defending itself by keeping Germany broken up. The US refused to acknowledge communism as a valid form of government. The US’s biased perspective of communism, tied with their responsibility to manipulate governments and economies all throughout Europe, initiated the Cold War. The US’s actions infuriated the Soviet Union, and their ideology made a global threat in the Soviet Union and communism.